Experimental evaluation on large scale solar dryer for drying natural fiber in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Drying process is one of the most common application used in solar thermal. This experiment was tested on performance of a large-scale solar dryer to dry natural fiber. The dryer consists of several main components such as solar thermal collector, heat exchangers and confine polycarbonate chamber. Average solar irradiance, ambient temperature and relative humidity recorded were 612.84 W/m2, 32.42 °C and 60.01 %. The drying was completed in 3 days or 14.58 hours, and able to reduce 1004.2 kg weight and 70.7 % moisture content wet basis. Performance of the dryer was evaluated based on evaporative capacity, specific moisture extraction rate and specific energy consumption, and the values are 68.88 kg/hr, 3.55 kg/kWh and 0.28 kWh/kg respectively. Cost of operation determined as RM117.13 per cycle and cost of product was RM0.28 for every kilogram dried fiber produced. Based on capital cost, annual return of investment and profit, payback period estimated is about 3.7 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)598-604
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Renewable Energy Research
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Solar dryers
Natural fibers
Drying
Moisture
Costs
Driers (materials)
Polycarbonates
Heat exchangers
Atmospheric humidity
Profitability
Energy utilization
Fibers
Experiments
Temperature
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Drying performance
  • Kenaf
  • Large solar dryer
  • Natural fiber
  • Solar energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

@article{c7508897fcf349b59101dfade4b87a19,
title = "Experimental evaluation on large scale solar dryer for drying natural fiber in Malaysia",
abstract = "Drying process is one of the most common application used in solar thermal. This experiment was tested on performance of a large-scale solar dryer to dry natural fiber. The dryer consists of several main components such as solar thermal collector, heat exchangers and confine polycarbonate chamber. Average solar irradiance, ambient temperature and relative humidity recorded were 612.84 W/m2, 32.42 °C and 60.01 {\%}. The drying was completed in 3 days or 14.58 hours, and able to reduce 1004.2 kg weight and 70.7 {\%} moisture content wet basis. Performance of the dryer was evaluated based on evaporative capacity, specific moisture extraction rate and specific energy consumption, and the values are 68.88 kg/hr, 3.55 kg/kWh and 0.28 kWh/kg respectively. Cost of operation determined as RM117.13 per cycle and cost of product was RM0.28 for every kilogram dried fiber produced. Based on capital cost, annual return of investment and profit, payback period estimated is about 3.7 years.",
keywords = "Drying performance, Kenaf, Large solar dryer, Natural fiber, Solar energy",
author = "Hamid, {Ag Sufiyan Abd} and Adnan Ibrahim and Sohif Mat and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "598--604",
journal = "International Journal of Renewable Energy Research",
issn = "1309-0127",
publisher = "International Journal of Renewable Energy Research",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Experimental evaluation on large scale solar dryer for drying natural fiber in Malaysia

AU - Hamid, Ag Sufiyan Abd

AU - Ibrahim, Adnan

AU - Mat, Sohif

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - Drying process is one of the most common application used in solar thermal. This experiment was tested on performance of a large-scale solar dryer to dry natural fiber. The dryer consists of several main components such as solar thermal collector, heat exchangers and confine polycarbonate chamber. Average solar irradiance, ambient temperature and relative humidity recorded were 612.84 W/m2, 32.42 °C and 60.01 %. The drying was completed in 3 days or 14.58 hours, and able to reduce 1004.2 kg weight and 70.7 % moisture content wet basis. Performance of the dryer was evaluated based on evaporative capacity, specific moisture extraction rate and specific energy consumption, and the values are 68.88 kg/hr, 3.55 kg/kWh and 0.28 kWh/kg respectively. Cost of operation determined as RM117.13 per cycle and cost of product was RM0.28 for every kilogram dried fiber produced. Based on capital cost, annual return of investment and profit, payback period estimated is about 3.7 years.

AB - Drying process is one of the most common application used in solar thermal. This experiment was tested on performance of a large-scale solar dryer to dry natural fiber. The dryer consists of several main components such as solar thermal collector, heat exchangers and confine polycarbonate chamber. Average solar irradiance, ambient temperature and relative humidity recorded were 612.84 W/m2, 32.42 °C and 60.01 %. The drying was completed in 3 days or 14.58 hours, and able to reduce 1004.2 kg weight and 70.7 % moisture content wet basis. Performance of the dryer was evaluated based on evaporative capacity, specific moisture extraction rate and specific energy consumption, and the values are 68.88 kg/hr, 3.55 kg/kWh and 0.28 kWh/kg respectively. Cost of operation determined as RM117.13 per cycle and cost of product was RM0.28 for every kilogram dried fiber produced. Based on capital cost, annual return of investment and profit, payback period estimated is about 3.7 years.

KW - Drying performance

KW - Kenaf

KW - Large solar dryer

KW - Natural fiber

KW - Solar energy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070940342&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85070940342&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 598

EP - 604

JO - International Journal of Renewable Energy Research

JF - International Journal of Renewable Energy Research

SN - 1309-0127

IS - 2

ER -