Examining potential risk factors to acute pancreatitis disease: A comparison of loglinear models in a Malaysian case study

Ika Sharmin Mustafa Kamal, Zamalia Mahmud, Saperi Sulong, Nur Niswah Naslina Azid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Acute pancreatitis is not a new disease in Malaysia and the occurrence of the disease has increased from year to year. Death from the infection of acute pancreatitis is also on the rise. This is worrying situation for all Malaysians and medical institution. Therefore, this study aims to identify the strength and significant predisposing factors to acute pancreatitis based on the most suitable and parsimonious model. This study used patient's data records between 2005 and February 2012 obtained from Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC). The Chi-Square test and Mantel-Haenszel test of homogeneity was used to determine the association among potential risk factors to acute pancreatitis and the confounding variables in this study, respectively. Loglinear modeling methods was performed to find the most suitable and parsimonious model. Parameter estimates and odds ratios were used in testing the effect of risk factors in acute pancreatitis. Results show that alcohol, diabetes, gallstone and smoking are significantly associated with acute pancreatitis. In the loglinear analysis, it was found that homogeneous model is the most parsimonious model in explaining the potential risk factors to acute pancreatitis. Findings from test of effect sizes indicate that age and race are significantly associated between potential risk factor (diabetes, gallstone and smoking) and acute pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medical Sciences (Faisalabad)
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Acute Disease
Pancreatitis
Malaysia
Gallstones
Smoking
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Chi-Square Distribution
Causality
Odds Ratio
Alcohols
Infection

Keywords

  • Acute pancreatitis
  • Homogeneous loglinear
  • Independenc loglinear
  • Odds ratio
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Examining potential risk factors to acute pancreatitis disease : A comparison of loglinear models in a Malaysian case study. / Kamal, Ika Sharmin Mustafa; Mahmud, Zamalia; Sulong, Saperi; Azid, Nur Niswah Naslina.

In: Journal of Medical Sciences (Faisalabad), Vol. 14, No. 4, 2014, p. 153-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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