Ex vivo expanded SSEA-4+ human limbal stromal cells are multipotent and do not express other embryonic stem cell markers

Moon Nian Lim, Noor Hamidah Hussin, Ainoon Othman, Thiageswari Umapathy, Puteri Baharuddin, A. Rahman A. Jamal, Zubaidah Zakaria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The presence of multipotent human limbal stromal cells resembling mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) provides new insights to the characteristic of these cells and its therapeutic potential. However, little is known about the expression of stage-specific embryonic antigen 4 (SSEA-4) and the embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like properties of these cells. We studied the expression of SSEA-4 surface protein and the various ESC and MSC markers in the ex vivo cultured limbal stromal cells. The phenotypes and multipotent differentiation potential of these cells were also evaluated. Methods: Limbal stromal cells were derived from corneoscleral rims. The SSEA-4+ and SSEA-4- limbal stromal cells were sorted by fluorescence-activated cells sorting (FACS). Isolated cells were expanded and reanalyzed for their expression of SSEA-4. Expression of MSC and ESC markers on these cells were also analyzed by FACS. In addition, expression of limbal epithelial and corneal stromal proteins such as ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2), tumour protein p63 (p63), paired box 6 (Pax6), cytokeratin 3 (AE5), cytokeratin 10, and keratocan sulfate were evaluated either by immunofluorecence staining or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Appropriate induction medium was used to differentiate these cells into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. Results: Expanded limbal stromal cells expressed the majority of mesenchymal markers. These cells were negative for ABCG2, p63, Pax6, AE-5, and keratocan sulfate. After passaged, a subpopulation of these cells showed low expression of SSEA-4 but were negative for other important ESC surface markers such as Tra-1-60, Tra-1-81, and transcription factors like octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4), SRY(sex determining region Y)-box 2 (Sox2), and Nanog. Early passaged cells when induced were able to differentiate into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes. Conclusions: The expanded limbal stromal cells showed features of multipotent MSC. Our study confirmed the expression of SSEA-4 by a subpopulation of cultured limbal stromal cells. However, despite the expression of SSEA-4, these cells did not express any other markers of ESC. Therefore, we conclude that the cells did not show properties of ESC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1289-1300
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Vision
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2012

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Embryonic Stem Cells
Stromal Cells
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Osteocytes
Chondrocytes
Adipocytes
Sulfates
Flow Cytometry
Octamer Transcription Factors
Keratin-3
Adenosine Triphosphate
stage-specific embryonic antigen-4
Keratins
Reverse Transcription
Cell Differentiation
Membrane Proteins
Proteins
Transcription Factors
Staining and Labeling
Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Ex vivo expanded SSEA-4+ human limbal stromal cells are multipotent and do not express other embryonic stem cell markers. / Lim, Moon Nian; Hussin, Noor Hamidah; Othman, Ainoon; Umapathy, Thiageswari; Baharuddin, Puteri; A. Jamal, A. Rahman; Zakaria, Zubaidah.

In: Molecular Vision, Vol. 18, 14.05.2012, p. 1289-1300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lim, Moon Nian ; Hussin, Noor Hamidah ; Othman, Ainoon ; Umapathy, Thiageswari ; Baharuddin, Puteri ; A. Jamal, A. Rahman ; Zakaria, Zubaidah. / Ex vivo expanded SSEA-4+ human limbal stromal cells are multipotent and do not express other embryonic stem cell markers. In: Molecular Vision. 2012 ; Vol. 18. pp. 1289-1300.
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abstract = "Purpose: The presence of multipotent human limbal stromal cells resembling mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) provides new insights to the characteristic of these cells and its therapeutic potential. However, little is known about the expression of stage-specific embryonic antigen 4 (SSEA-4) and the embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like properties of these cells. We studied the expression of SSEA-4 surface protein and the various ESC and MSC markers in the ex vivo cultured limbal stromal cells. The phenotypes and multipotent differentiation potential of these cells were also evaluated. Methods: Limbal stromal cells were derived from corneoscleral rims. The SSEA-4+ and SSEA-4- limbal stromal cells were sorted by fluorescence-activated cells sorting (FACS). Isolated cells were expanded and reanalyzed for their expression of SSEA-4. Expression of MSC and ESC markers on these cells were also analyzed by FACS. In addition, expression of limbal epithelial and corneal stromal proteins such as ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2), tumour protein p63 (p63), paired box 6 (Pax6), cytokeratin 3 (AE5), cytokeratin 10, and keratocan sulfate were evaluated either by immunofluorecence staining or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Appropriate induction medium was used to differentiate these cells into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. Results: Expanded limbal stromal cells expressed the majority of mesenchymal markers. These cells were negative for ABCG2, p63, Pax6, AE-5, and keratocan sulfate. After passaged, a subpopulation of these cells showed low expression of SSEA-4 but were negative for other important ESC surface markers such as Tra-1-60, Tra-1-81, and transcription factors like octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4), SRY(sex determining region Y)-box 2 (Sox2), and Nanog. Early passaged cells when induced were able to differentiate into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes. Conclusions: The expanded limbal stromal cells showed features of multipotent MSC. Our study confirmed the expression of SSEA-4 by a subpopulation of cultured limbal stromal cells. However, despite the expression of SSEA-4, these cells did not express any other markers of ESC. Therefore, we conclude that the cells did not show properties of ESC.",
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AU - Lim, Moon Nian

AU - Hussin, Noor Hamidah

AU - Othman, Ainoon

AU - Umapathy, Thiageswari

AU - Baharuddin, Puteri

AU - A. Jamal, A. Rahman

AU - Zakaria, Zubaidah

PY - 2012/5/14

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N2 - Purpose: The presence of multipotent human limbal stromal cells resembling mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) provides new insights to the characteristic of these cells and its therapeutic potential. However, little is known about the expression of stage-specific embryonic antigen 4 (SSEA-4) and the embryonic stem cell (ESC)-like properties of these cells. We studied the expression of SSEA-4 surface protein and the various ESC and MSC markers in the ex vivo cultured limbal stromal cells. The phenotypes and multipotent differentiation potential of these cells were also evaluated. Methods: Limbal stromal cells were derived from corneoscleral rims. The SSEA-4+ and SSEA-4- limbal stromal cells were sorted by fluorescence-activated cells sorting (FACS). Isolated cells were expanded and reanalyzed for their expression of SSEA-4. Expression of MSC and ESC markers on these cells were also analyzed by FACS. In addition, expression of limbal epithelial and corneal stromal proteins such as ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2), tumour protein p63 (p63), paired box 6 (Pax6), cytokeratin 3 (AE5), cytokeratin 10, and keratocan sulfate were evaluated either by immunofluorecence staining or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Appropriate induction medium was used to differentiate these cells into adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. Results: Expanded limbal stromal cells expressed the majority of mesenchymal markers. These cells were negative for ABCG2, p63, Pax6, AE-5, and keratocan sulfate. After passaged, a subpopulation of these cells showed low expression of SSEA-4 but were negative for other important ESC surface markers such as Tra-1-60, Tra-1-81, and transcription factors like octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (Oct4), SRY(sex determining region Y)-box 2 (Sox2), and Nanog. Early passaged cells when induced were able to differentiate into adipocytes, osteocytes and chondrocytes. Conclusions: The expanded limbal stromal cells showed features of multipotent MSC. Our study confirmed the expression of SSEA-4 by a subpopulation of cultured limbal stromal cells. However, despite the expression of SSEA-4, these cells did not express any other markers of ESC. Therefore, we conclude that the cells did not show properties of ESC.

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