Evanescent field enhancement in liquid crystal optical fibers: A field characteristics based analysis

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Abstract

The paper presents the analysis of the electromagnetic wave propagation through liquid crystal optical fibers (LCOFs) of two different types - conventional guides loaded with liquid crystals (addressed as LCOFs) and those with additional twists due to conducting helical windings (addressed as HCLCOFs). More precisely, the three-layer optical waveguide structures are considered along with its outermost region being loaded with radially anisotropic liquid crystal material and the inner regions being made of usual silica, as used in conventional optical fibers. In addition to that, LCOF with twists introduced in the form of conducting helical windings at the interface of the silica core and the liquid crystal clad is also taken into account. Emphasis has been put on the power confinements by the lower-order TE modes sustained in the different sections of the LCOF structure. The results demonstrate useful applications of these guides in integrated optics as the power sustained in the liquid crystal section by the excited TE modes remains very high. In the case of twisted clad liquid crystal guides, descriptions are limited to the nature of dispersion relation only under the TE mode excitation, and corresponding to the cases of helix orientations being parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number504868
JournalAdvances in Condensed Matter Physics
Volume2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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optical fibers
liquid crystals
augmentation
helical windings
silicon dioxide
conduction
integrated optics
optical waveguides
helices
wave propagation
electromagnetic radiation
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "Evanescent field enhancement in liquid crystal optical fibers: A field characteristics based analysis",
abstract = "The paper presents the analysis of the electromagnetic wave propagation through liquid crystal optical fibers (LCOFs) of two different types - conventional guides loaded with liquid crystals (addressed as LCOFs) and those with additional twists due to conducting helical windings (addressed as HCLCOFs). More precisely, the three-layer optical waveguide structures are considered along with its outermost region being loaded with radially anisotropic liquid crystal material and the inner regions being made of usual silica, as used in conventional optical fibers. In addition to that, LCOF with twists introduced in the form of conducting helical windings at the interface of the silica core and the liquid crystal clad is also taken into account. Emphasis has been put on the power confinements by the lower-order TE modes sustained in the different sections of the LCOF structure. The results demonstrate useful applications of these guides in integrated optics as the power sustained in the liquid crystal section by the excited TE modes remains very high. In the case of twisted clad liquid crystal guides, descriptions are limited to the nature of dispersion relation only under the TE mode excitation, and corresponding to the cases of helix orientations being parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis.",
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N2 - The paper presents the analysis of the electromagnetic wave propagation through liquid crystal optical fibers (LCOFs) of two different types - conventional guides loaded with liquid crystals (addressed as LCOFs) and those with additional twists due to conducting helical windings (addressed as HCLCOFs). More precisely, the three-layer optical waveguide structures are considered along with its outermost region being loaded with radially anisotropic liquid crystal material and the inner regions being made of usual silica, as used in conventional optical fibers. In addition to that, LCOF with twists introduced in the form of conducting helical windings at the interface of the silica core and the liquid crystal clad is also taken into account. Emphasis has been put on the power confinements by the lower-order TE modes sustained in the different sections of the LCOF structure. The results demonstrate useful applications of these guides in integrated optics as the power sustained in the liquid crystal section by the excited TE modes remains very high. In the case of twisted clad liquid crystal guides, descriptions are limited to the nature of dispersion relation only under the TE mode excitation, and corresponding to the cases of helix orientations being parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis.

AB - The paper presents the analysis of the electromagnetic wave propagation through liquid crystal optical fibers (LCOFs) of two different types - conventional guides loaded with liquid crystals (addressed as LCOFs) and those with additional twists due to conducting helical windings (addressed as HCLCOFs). More precisely, the three-layer optical waveguide structures are considered along with its outermost region being loaded with radially anisotropic liquid crystal material and the inner regions being made of usual silica, as used in conventional optical fibers. In addition to that, LCOF with twists introduced in the form of conducting helical windings at the interface of the silica core and the liquid crystal clad is also taken into account. Emphasis has been put on the power confinements by the lower-order TE modes sustained in the different sections of the LCOF structure. The results demonstrate useful applications of these guides in integrated optics as the power sustained in the liquid crystal section by the excited TE modes remains very high. In the case of twisted clad liquid crystal guides, descriptions are limited to the nature of dispersion relation only under the TE mode excitation, and corresponding to the cases of helix orientations being parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis.

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