Evaluation quality of desalinated water derived from inclined copper-stepped solar still

Mohammed Shadi S. Abujazar, Fatihah Suja`, A. E. Kabeel, Suraya Sharil, Salem S.Abu Amr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Nowadays, fresh drinking water has become increasingly scarce, especially in arid and semi-arid areas. Usually, the water found in these areas is seawater or brackish water and contains harmful contaminants, which directly affect human health, and therefore cannot be used for drinking purposes. Since arid and semi-arid areas are blessed with abundant solar radiation, small solar still units can be used to desalinate seawater and produce cheap drinking water. In this study, the capacity of an inclined copper-stepped solar still to produce fresh drinking water from seawater using solar energy was experimentally tested. This study aims to evaluate the distilled water quality produced by the solar desalination system. The system effectively eliminated all physicochemical parameters such as total suspended solids (TSS), pH, total dissolved solids (TDS), turbidity, salinity, conductivity, and atomic elements (Ca2+, Cl, Mg2+, Na+, SO4 2−, and K+). Biological analyses were also conducted in this study including the analysis of ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3–N), biological oxygen demand (BOD), and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Each parameter was found to have values that are within the safe limits set by the Malaysian NDWQS and WHO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-95
Number of pages13
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018

Fingerprint

Seawater
Potable water
drinking water
copper
seawater
Copper
Water
Chemical oxygen demand
Turbidity
biochemical oxygen demand
Desalination
drinking
Solar radiation
brackish water
chemical oxygen demand
desalination
water
Solar energy
Water quality
turbidity

Keywords

  • Drinking water quality
  • Inclined stepped solar still
  • Malaysia NDWQS
  • Solar energy
  • Water desalination
  • WHO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

Cite this

Evaluation quality of desalinated water derived from inclined copper-stepped solar still. / Abujazar, Mohammed Shadi S.; Suja`, Fatihah; Kabeel, A. E.; Sharil, Suraya; Amr, Salem S.Abu.

In: Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 131, 01.11.2018, p. 83-95.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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