Evaluation of the Persistence and Leaching Behaviour of Thiram Fungicide in Soil, Water and Oil Palm Leaves

Zainol Maznah, Muhamad Halimah, Ismail Sahid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The residual levels and persistence of thiram in the soil, water and oil palm seedling leaves were investigated under field conditions. The experimental plots were carried out on a clay loam soil and applied with three treatments namely; manufacturer’s recommended dosage (25.6 g a.i. plot−1), manufacturer’s double recommended dosage (51.2 g a.i. plot−1), and control (water) were applied. Thiram residues were detected in the soil from day 0 to day 3 in the range of 0.22–27.04 mg kg−1. Low concentrations of thiram were observed in the water and leave samples in the range of 0.27–2.52 mg L−1 and 1.34–12.28 mg kg−1, respectively. Results have shown that thiram has a rapid degradation and has less persistence due to climatic factors. These findings suggest that thiram is safe when applied at manufacturer’s recommended dosage on oil palm seedlings due to low residual levels observed in soil and water bodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalBulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 7 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Thiram
Fungicides
Palm oil
Leaching
Oils
Soil
Soils
Water
Seedlings
Body Water
Clay
Degradation

Keywords

  • Field study
  • Nursery
  • Oil palm
  • Persistence
  • Thiram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Evaluation of the Persistence and Leaching Behaviour of Thiram Fungicide in Soil, Water and Oil Palm Leaves. / Maznah, Zainol; Halimah, Muhamad; Sahid, Ismail.

In: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 07.03.2018, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{877aab2dd57f47b2893577a836a56ebc,
title = "Evaluation of the Persistence and Leaching Behaviour of Thiram Fungicide in Soil, Water and Oil Palm Leaves",
abstract = "The residual levels and persistence of thiram in the soil, water and oil palm seedling leaves were investigated under field conditions. The experimental plots were carried out on a clay loam soil and applied with three treatments namely; manufacturer’s recommended dosage (25.6 g a.i. plot−1), manufacturer’s double recommended dosage (51.2 g a.i. plot−1), and control (water) were applied. Thiram residues were detected in the soil from day 0 to day 3 in the range of 0.22–27.04 mg kg−1. Low concentrations of thiram were observed in the water and leave samples in the range of 0.27–2.52 mg L−1 and 1.34–12.28 mg kg−1, respectively. Results have shown that thiram has a rapid degradation and has less persistence due to climatic factors. These findings suggest that thiram is safe when applied at manufacturer’s recommended dosage on oil palm seedlings due to low residual levels observed in soil and water bodies.",
keywords = "Field study, Nursery, Oil palm, Persistence, Thiram",
author = "Zainol Maznah and Muhamad Halimah and Ismail Sahid",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1007/s00128-018-2312-x",
language = "English",
pages = "1--6",
journal = "Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology",
issn = "0007-4861",
publisher = "Springer New York",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of the Persistence and Leaching Behaviour of Thiram Fungicide in Soil, Water and Oil Palm Leaves

AU - Maznah, Zainol

AU - Halimah, Muhamad

AU - Sahid, Ismail

PY - 2018/3/7

Y1 - 2018/3/7

N2 - The residual levels and persistence of thiram in the soil, water and oil palm seedling leaves were investigated under field conditions. The experimental plots were carried out on a clay loam soil and applied with three treatments namely; manufacturer’s recommended dosage (25.6 g a.i. plot−1), manufacturer’s double recommended dosage (51.2 g a.i. plot−1), and control (water) were applied. Thiram residues were detected in the soil from day 0 to day 3 in the range of 0.22–27.04 mg kg−1. Low concentrations of thiram were observed in the water and leave samples in the range of 0.27–2.52 mg L−1 and 1.34–12.28 mg kg−1, respectively. Results have shown that thiram has a rapid degradation and has less persistence due to climatic factors. These findings suggest that thiram is safe when applied at manufacturer’s recommended dosage on oil palm seedlings due to low residual levels observed in soil and water bodies.

AB - The residual levels and persistence of thiram in the soil, water and oil palm seedling leaves were investigated under field conditions. The experimental plots were carried out on a clay loam soil and applied with three treatments namely; manufacturer’s recommended dosage (25.6 g a.i. plot−1), manufacturer’s double recommended dosage (51.2 g a.i. plot−1), and control (water) were applied. Thiram residues were detected in the soil from day 0 to day 3 in the range of 0.22–27.04 mg kg−1. Low concentrations of thiram were observed in the water and leave samples in the range of 0.27–2.52 mg L−1 and 1.34–12.28 mg kg−1, respectively. Results have shown that thiram has a rapid degradation and has less persistence due to climatic factors. These findings suggest that thiram is safe when applied at manufacturer’s recommended dosage on oil palm seedlings due to low residual levels observed in soil and water bodies.

KW - Field study

KW - Nursery

KW - Oil palm

KW - Persistence

KW - Thiram

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042908029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042908029&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00128-018-2312-x

DO - 10.1007/s00128-018-2312-x

M3 - Article

C2 - 29516138

AN - SCOPUS:85042908029

SP - 1

EP - 6

JO - Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

JF - Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology

SN - 0007-4861

ER -