Evaluation of the operating parameters for the separation of xylitol from a mixed sugar solution by using a polyethersulfone nanofiltration membrane

Khalefa Atya Faneer, Rosiah Rohani, Abdul Wahab Mohammad, Muneer Mohammed Ba-Abbad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanofiltration (NF) membranes may offer a good route for the recovery of xylitol due to the difference in the size of its particles compared to the other sugars. We evaluated the ability of an in-house polyethersulfone (PES) NF membrane to separate xylitol from a simulated broth solution containing xylose and arabinose. Initially, a Box-Behnken design was utilized to optimize the factors that were significantly involved in the recovery of xylitol, such as the concentration of the components, the composition of the solution, and the pressure. The results obtained from the analysis of the experimental response revealed that the fabricated PES membrane was able to retain 92% of the xylitol and remove 50% of the arabinose, with the purity of the xylitol being enhanced accordingly. The results of fouling showed a good membrane performance for long-term filtration. The concentration polarization was dominated by the membrane pores and the charge. It could be concluded that nanofiltration has a high potential to recover xylitol from its corresponding sugars.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 5 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Xylitol
Nanofiltration membranes
Sugars
Membranes
Recovery
Nanofiltration
Arabinose
Xylose
Fouling
Polarization
Chemical analysis
polyether sulfone

Keywords

  • Box-Behnken
  • Concentration Polarization
  • Fouling
  • PES Membrane
  • Xylitol Solution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Evaluation of the operating parameters for the separation of xylitol from a mixed sugar solution by using a polyethersulfone nanofiltration membrane",
abstract = "Nanofiltration (NF) membranes may offer a good route for the recovery of xylitol due to the difference in the size of its particles compared to the other sugars. We evaluated the ability of an in-house polyethersulfone (PES) NF membrane to separate xylitol from a simulated broth solution containing xylose and arabinose. Initially, a Box-Behnken design was utilized to optimize the factors that were significantly involved in the recovery of xylitol, such as the concentration of the components, the composition of the solution, and the pressure. The results obtained from the analysis of the experimental response revealed that the fabricated PES membrane was able to retain 92{\%} of the xylitol and remove 50{\%} of the arabinose, with the purity of the xylitol being enhanced accordingly. The results of fouling showed a good membrane performance for long-term filtration. The concentration polarization was dominated by the membrane pores and the charge. It could be concluded that nanofiltration has a high potential to recover xylitol from its corresponding sugars.",
keywords = "Box-Behnken, Concentration Polarization, Fouling, PES Membrane, Xylitol Solution",
author = "Faneer, {Khalefa Atya} and Rosiah Rohani and Mohammad, {Abdul Wahab} and Ba-Abbad, {Muneer Mohammed}",
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AU - Faneer, Khalefa Atya

AU - Rohani, Rosiah

AU - Mohammad, Abdul Wahab

AU - Ba-Abbad, Muneer Mohammed

PY - 2017/9/5

Y1 - 2017/9/5

N2 - Nanofiltration (NF) membranes may offer a good route for the recovery of xylitol due to the difference in the size of its particles compared to the other sugars. We evaluated the ability of an in-house polyethersulfone (PES) NF membrane to separate xylitol from a simulated broth solution containing xylose and arabinose. Initially, a Box-Behnken design was utilized to optimize the factors that were significantly involved in the recovery of xylitol, such as the concentration of the components, the composition of the solution, and the pressure. The results obtained from the analysis of the experimental response revealed that the fabricated PES membrane was able to retain 92% of the xylitol and remove 50% of the arabinose, with the purity of the xylitol being enhanced accordingly. The results of fouling showed a good membrane performance for long-term filtration. The concentration polarization was dominated by the membrane pores and the charge. It could be concluded that nanofiltration has a high potential to recover xylitol from its corresponding sugars.

AB - Nanofiltration (NF) membranes may offer a good route for the recovery of xylitol due to the difference in the size of its particles compared to the other sugars. We evaluated the ability of an in-house polyethersulfone (PES) NF membrane to separate xylitol from a simulated broth solution containing xylose and arabinose. Initially, a Box-Behnken design was utilized to optimize the factors that were significantly involved in the recovery of xylitol, such as the concentration of the components, the composition of the solution, and the pressure. The results obtained from the analysis of the experimental response revealed that the fabricated PES membrane was able to retain 92% of the xylitol and remove 50% of the arabinose, with the purity of the xylitol being enhanced accordingly. The results of fouling showed a good membrane performance for long-term filtration. The concentration polarization was dominated by the membrane pores and the charge. It could be concluded that nanofiltration has a high potential to recover xylitol from its corresponding sugars.

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