Evaluation of safety climate differences among employees’ demographic variables: a cross-sectional study in two different-sized manufacturing industries in Malaysia

Ali Mohammad Saedi, Amran Ab. Majid, Zaidi Isa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction. Demographic information is one of the key parameters that organizations utilize to modify their practices in order to respond to the existing risk within work environments. The present article aims to assess the level of safety climate factors as well as to evaluate the influence of personal factors on safety climate in two different-sized industries. Methods. A total of 216 employees in two large and three small and medium-sized chemical manufacturing industries responded to a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the safety climate level; a two-independent-sample Mann–Whitney U test and a Kruskal–Wallis test were run to compare the difference in safety climate scores among different demographic variables. Results. The lower level of safety climate in small and medium-sized industries revealed lower understanding and performance of management and non-management with regard to safety climate compared to the large industries. Additionally, significant mean differences on some safety climate factors among demographic variables were detected in both sizes of industries, emphasizing the important role of the employees’ demographic variables on the plants’ safety climate. Conclusion. Improving organization-level and group-level safety climates is recommended to improve employees’ level of safety climate and control their personal factors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Malaysia
manufacturing industry
Climate
cross-sectional study
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
employee
climate
Personnel
Safety
evaluation
Industry
industry
Manufacturing Industry
Organizations
Air Conditioning
Chemical Industry
demographic factors
descriptive statistics
work environment

Keywords

  • demographic information
  • employees’ perception
  • manufacturing industry
  • safety climate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Safety Research
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Introduction. Demographic information is one of the key parameters that organizations utilize to modify their practices in order to respond to the existing risk within work environments. The present article aims to assess the level of safety climate factors as well as to evaluate the influence of personal factors on safety climate in two different-sized industries. Methods. A total of 216 employees in two large and three small and medium-sized chemical manufacturing industries responded to a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the safety climate level; a two-independent-sample Mann–Whitney U test and a Kruskal–Wallis test were run to compare the difference in safety climate scores among different demographic variables. Results. The lower level of safety climate in small and medium-sized industries revealed lower understanding and performance of management and non-management with regard to safety climate compared to the large industries. Additionally, significant mean differences on some safety climate factors among demographic variables were detected in both sizes of industries, emphasizing the important role of the employees’ demographic variables on the plants’ safety climate. Conclusion. Improving organization-level and group-level safety climates is recommended to improve employees’ level of safety climate and control their personal factors.",
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