Evaluation of nutritional status among a group of young Chinese adults in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Norimah A. Karim, S. W. Leong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A nutritional status study was carried out among a group of young Chinese adults, aged between 19 and 25, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Subjects comprised 108 young adults (55 women, 53 men) who were students at two institutes of higher learning. Physical characteristics were evaluated by anthropometric measurements while food intake was determined with a 3-day food record. Blood cholesterol and triglyceride were assessed using the Reflotron analyser. Birthweight was obtained from birth certificates or by proxy. The results showed that the mean body mass index (BMI) for men and women was 21.4 ± 3.3 and 20.0 ± 2.0, respectively, indicating normal weight. Further analysis of BMI classification demonstrated that 28% of men and 39% of women were underweight, 11% of men and 2% of women were overweight while 2% of men were obese. Mean waist-to-hip ratio showed that the subjects had a low risk of developing cardiovascular disease (0.72 ± 0.03 women; 0.81 ± 0.05 men). Mean energy intake was 8841 ± 1756 kJ per day for men and 6426 ±1567 kJ per day for women. Closer analysis of energy intake of the subjects showed that 86% of men and 91% of women were consuming below the Malaysian recommendation for energy. Nutrients found to be deficient in at least one third of women were calcium, vitamin A, niacin and iron. Mean cholesterol intake in the diet was 278.7 ± 108.7 mg in men and 207.0 ± 82.5 mg in women and there was a significant difference between genders. Blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels were 3.88 ± 0.76 mmol/L and 1.08 ± 0.33 mmol/L, respectively in men, while these levels were lower in women, 3.87 ± 0.80 mmol/L for cholesterol and 0.99 ± 0.29 mmol/L for triglyceride. A general trend of higher mean blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels was shown in adults who were born with lower birthweights.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-86
Number of pages5
JournalAsia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Nutritional Status
Young Adult
Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Energy Intake
Body Mass Index
Birth Certificates
Food
Waist-Hip Ratio
Thinness
Niacin
Proxy
Vitamin A
Cardiovascular Diseases
Iron
Eating
Learning
Students
Diet

Keywords

  • Body mass index
  • Nutritional status
  • Young chinese adults in malaysia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Evaluation of nutritional status among a group of young Chinese adults in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. / A. Karim, Norimah; Leong, S. W.

In: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2000, p. 82-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "A nutritional status study was carried out among a group of young Chinese adults, aged between 19 and 25, in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Subjects comprised 108 young adults (55 women, 53 men) who were students at two institutes of higher learning. Physical characteristics were evaluated by anthropometric measurements while food intake was determined with a 3-day food record. Blood cholesterol and triglyceride were assessed using the Reflotron analyser. Birthweight was obtained from birth certificates or by proxy. The results showed that the mean body mass index (BMI) for men and women was 21.4 ± 3.3 and 20.0 ± 2.0, respectively, indicating normal weight. Further analysis of BMI classification demonstrated that 28{\%} of men and 39{\%} of women were underweight, 11{\%} of men and 2{\%} of women were overweight while 2{\%} of men were obese. Mean waist-to-hip ratio showed that the subjects had a low risk of developing cardiovascular disease (0.72 ± 0.03 women; 0.81 ± 0.05 men). Mean energy intake was 8841 ± 1756 kJ per day for men and 6426 ±1567 kJ per day for women. Closer analysis of energy intake of the subjects showed that 86{\%} of men and 91{\%} of women were consuming below the Malaysian recommendation for energy. Nutrients found to be deficient in at least one third of women were calcium, vitamin A, niacin and iron. Mean cholesterol intake in the diet was 278.7 ± 108.7 mg in men and 207.0 ± 82.5 mg in women and there was a significant difference between genders. Blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels were 3.88 ± 0.76 mmol/L and 1.08 ± 0.33 mmol/L, respectively in men, while these levels were lower in women, 3.87 ± 0.80 mmol/L for cholesterol and 0.99 ± 0.29 mmol/L for triglyceride. A general trend of higher mean blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels was shown in adults who were born with lower birthweights.",
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