Evaluating ultrasound signals of carbon steel fatigue testing using signal analysis approaches

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Abstract

The application of ultrasound techniques to monitor the condition of structures is becoming more prominent because these techniques can detect the early symptoms of defects such as cracks and other defects. The early detection of defects is of vital importance to avoid major failures with catastrophic consequences. An assessment of an ultrasound technique was used to investigate fatigue damage behaviour. Fatigue tests were performed according to the ASTM E466-96 standard with the attachment of an ultrasound sensor to the test specimen. AISI 1045 carbon steel was used due to its wide application in the automotive industry. A fatigue test was performed under constant loading stress at a sampling frequency of 8 Hz. Two sets of data acquisition systems were used to collect the fatigue strain signals and ultrasound signals. All of the signals were edited and analysed using a signal processing approach. Two methods were used to evaluate the signals, the integrated Kurtosis-based algorithm for z-filter technique (I-kaz) and the short-time Fourier transform (STFT). The fatigue damage behaviour was observed from the initial stage until the last stage of the fatigue test. The results of the I-kaz coefficient and the STFT spectrum were used to explain and describe the behaviour of the fatigue damage. I-kaz coefficients were ranged from 60 to 61 for strain signals and ranged from 5 to 76 for ultrasound signals. I-kaz values tend to be high at failure point due to high amplitude of respective signals. STFT spectrogram displays the colour intensity which represents the damage severity of the strain signals. I-kaz technique is found very useful and capable in assessing both stationary and non-stationary signals while STFT technique is suitable only for non-stationary signals by displaying its spectrogram.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Central South University
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Fatigue testing
Signal analysis
Carbon steel
Ultrasonics
Fourier transforms
Fatigue damage
Fatigue of materials
Defects
Automotive industry
Data acquisition
Signal processing
Sampling
Color
Cracks
Sensors

Keywords

  • fatigue
  • integrated Kurtosis-based algorithm for z-filter technique
  • short-time Fourier transform
  • signal analysis
  • ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

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title = "Evaluating ultrasound signals of carbon steel fatigue testing using signal analysis approaches",
abstract = "The application of ultrasound techniques to monitor the condition of structures is becoming more prominent because these techniques can detect the early symptoms of defects such as cracks and other defects. The early detection of defects is of vital importance to avoid major failures with catastrophic consequences. An assessment of an ultrasound technique was used to investigate fatigue damage behaviour. Fatigue tests were performed according to the ASTM E466-96 standard with the attachment of an ultrasound sensor to the test specimen. AISI 1045 carbon steel was used due to its wide application in the automotive industry. A fatigue test was performed under constant loading stress at a sampling frequency of 8 Hz. Two sets of data acquisition systems were used to collect the fatigue strain signals and ultrasound signals. All of the signals were edited and analysed using a signal processing approach. Two methods were used to evaluate the signals, the integrated Kurtosis-based algorithm for z-filter technique (I-kaz) and the short-time Fourier transform (STFT). The fatigue damage behaviour was observed from the initial stage until the last stage of the fatigue test. The results of the I-kaz coefficient and the STFT spectrum were used to explain and describe the behaviour of the fatigue damage. I-kaz coefficients were ranged from 60 to 61 for strain signals and ranged from 5 to 76 for ultrasound signals. I-kaz values tend to be high at failure point due to high amplitude of respective signals. STFT spectrogram displays the colour intensity which represents the damage severity of the strain signals. I-kaz technique is found very useful and capable in assessing both stationary and non-stationary signals while STFT technique is suitable only for non-stationary signals by displaying its spectrogram.",
keywords = "fatigue, integrated Kurtosis-based algorithm for z-filter technique, short-time Fourier transform, signal analysis, ultrasound",
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