Ethnicity, development, crimes and conflict in a multi-ethnic urban setting in Malaysia

Trans-border sociological and GIS analyses of an urban society

Mansor Mohd Noor, Nur Suhaili Mansor

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Sociologists have often worked in silo from other disciplines in their attempts to observe and explain the social phenomenon being studied. This research project is based on the need to combine a social science approach to studying social phenomenon with inputs from science and technology. In this study, data on development and its relationship with crimes and conflict in a multi ethnic urban setting are collected based on a social survey, narcotic data from the police records, and Geographic Information System (GIS) of the development of the township Sungai Petani. The social survey does indicate that development taking place is socially structured in which the Chinese community avails themselves to the fruits of urban development relative to Malays and Indians. The longitudinal data of urban development from GIS indicates that as development and urban areas expand, the Malays in the rural areas and Indians living on the rubber estates are dislocated and join the urban pours with low education and job skills. The narcotic data collected were superimposed on the longitudinal GIS data of Sungai Petani. The patterns of narcotic related crime are observed to have a relationship with the expansion of industrial and housing schemes. In an urban multi-ethnic setting such as Malaysia, development, social inequality and crime if not identify and manage, often end in ethnic conflict. This township has shown such social ruptures in 2012 when these ethnic groups of development losers, street bikers and gangsters fought across ethnic lines and produce a spiralling downward trend of good ethnic relations that had been enjoyed before this incident in this town.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-367
Number of pages9
JournalWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Volume226
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2017
Event9th International Conference on Sustainable Development and Planning, SDP 2017 - Bristol, United Kingdom
Duration: 27 Jun 201729 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

urban society
crime
ethnicity
urban development
ethnic conflict
ethnic group
rubber
science and technology
rupture
rural area
fruit
urban area
conflict
border
geographic information system
education

Keywords

  • Conflict
  • Crime
  • Development
  • Ethnic relations
  • Ethnicity
  • Urban growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Ethnicity, development, crimes and conflict in a multi-ethnic urban setting in Malaysia: Trans-border sociological and GIS analyses of an urban society",
abstract = "Sociologists have often worked in silo from other disciplines in their attempts to observe and explain the social phenomenon being studied. This research project is based on the need to combine a social science approach to studying social phenomenon with inputs from science and technology. In this study, data on development and its relationship with crimes and conflict in a multi ethnic urban setting are collected based on a social survey, narcotic data from the police records, and Geographic Information System (GIS) of the development of the township Sungai Petani. The social survey does indicate that development taking place is socially structured in which the Chinese community avails themselves to the fruits of urban development relative to Malays and Indians. The longitudinal data of urban development from GIS indicates that as development and urban areas expand, the Malays in the rural areas and Indians living on the rubber estates are dislocated and join the urban pours with low education and job skills. The narcotic data collected were superimposed on the longitudinal GIS data of Sungai Petani. The patterns of narcotic related crime are observed to have a relationship with the expansion of industrial and housing schemes. In an urban multi-ethnic setting such as Malaysia, development, social inequality and crime if not identify and manage, often end in ethnic conflict. This township has shown such social ruptures in 2012 when these ethnic groups of development losers, street bikers and gangsters fought across ethnic lines and produce a spiralling downward trend of good ethnic relations that had been enjoyed before this incident in this town.",
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