Ethical perception of human gene in transgenic banana

Latifah Amin, Noor Ayuni Ahmad Azlan, Jamil Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transgenic banana has been developed to prevent hepatitis B through vaccination. Its production seems to be an ideal alternative for cheaper vaccines. The objective of this paper is to assess the ethical perception of transgenic banana which involved the transfer of human albumin gene, and to compare their ethical dimensions across several demographic variables. A survey was carried out in the Klang Valley region from August, 2009 till February, 2010 using self constructed multi-dimensional instrument measuring ethical perception of transgenic banana. The respondents (n=434) were stratified according to stakeholder groups which consisted of eleven groups: Producers, scientists, policy makers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), media, religious scholars (Islamic, Buddhist, Christian, and Hindu scholars), university students and consumers. Results of the study showed that the Malaysian stakeholders were unfamiliar with transgenic banana, and perceived transgenic banana as having moderate risks and marginally beneficial to the Malaysian society and the ethical aspects were moderately acceptable to them as well as from their religous point of view. ANOVAs showed that all the four ethical dimensions: Familiarity, denying benefits, ethical acceptance and perceived risks significantly differed across stakeholders' groups while the last three dimensions also differed significantly across religion. Perceived risks, denying benefits, ethical and religious acceptance further differed significantly across races. However, with respect to ages, only the factor familiarity differed and no significant difference were found across educational level and gender. Although, the idea of producing an edible vaccine through transgenic banana seems to be an ideal alternative for cheaper vaccines, the Malaysian stakeholders were still not ready and have a cautious stance. The research finding is useful to understand the social construct of the ethical acceptance of cross-species gene transfers in developing country. Further research needs to be done to determine the perspectives of various religions on the use of human gene in plants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12486-12496
Number of pages11
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume10
Issue number58
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2011

Fingerprint

Musa
bananas
genetically modified organisms
stakeholders
Genes
religion
risk perception
genes
Religion
Edible Vaccines
Vaccines
edible vaccines
vaccines
Plant Genes
nongovernmental organizations
measuring devices
Ego
Age Factors
hepatitis B
educational status

Keywords

  • Ethical perception
  • Malaysian stakeholder
  • Transgenic banana

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Amin, L., Azlan, N. A. A., & Ahmad, J. (2011). Ethical perception of human gene in transgenic banana. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10(58), 12486-12496.

Ethical perception of human gene in transgenic banana. / Amin, Latifah; Azlan, Noor Ayuni Ahmad; Ahmad, Jamil.

In: African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 58, 30.09.2011, p. 12486-12496.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amin, L, Azlan, NAA & Ahmad, J 2011, 'Ethical perception of human gene in transgenic banana', African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 10, no. 58, pp. 12486-12496.
Amin, Latifah ; Azlan, Noor Ayuni Ahmad ; Ahmad, Jamil. / Ethical perception of human gene in transgenic banana. In: African Journal of Biotechnology. 2011 ; Vol. 10, No. 58. pp. 12486-12496.
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