Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers

Baba Md Deros, Mohd Hafiz Ali, Darliana Mohamad, Dian Darina Indah Daruis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study was an investigation conducted at two oil palm plantations in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia on the prevalence of back pain among workers in the Malaysian oil palm industry. Many manual handling activities and tasks performed were not designed ergonomically, thus a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found among oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) manual workers. The three main objectives of this study were to determine the level of employee awareness on health and safety of manual handling tasks; to recognize the musculoskeletal symptom on the workers body parts; and to analyze their working postures and identify the relevant risk factors. Methods: Modified Nordic questionnaire was used to collect data in 2012 at two oil palm plantations located in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia. Later, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) analysis was conducted for high risk working postures. Seventy workers participated in the study. Results: 81.4% of workers were aware on the correct methods to perform the manual handling tasks. The upper back and lower back pain were experienced by 87.1% and 94.3% of the workers respectively. Conclusion: Manual workers have high level (81.4%) health and safety awareness on manual handling tasks but failed to practice it. As a result, 87.1% of them are sufferring from lower back and 94.3% from upper back pain. FFBs loading activity into the lorry is a high risk and changes needed to be done immediately. The two major risk factors identified were awkward lifting postures and repetitive lifting of FFBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-51
Number of pages8
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Volume45
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Human Engineering
Industry
Oils
Posture
Fruit
Malaysia
Back Pain
Rivers
Safety
Low Back Pain
Human Body
Health Status
Health

Keywords

  • Ergonomics
  • Musculoskeletal pain
  • Oil palm industry
  • Posture
  • Workers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Md Deros, B., Ali, M. H., Mohamad, D., & Daruis, D. D. I. (2016). Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 45, 44-51.

Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers. / Md Deros, Baba; Ali, Mohd Hafiz; Mohamad, Darliana; Daruis, Dian Darina Indah.

In: Iranian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 45, 2016, p. 44-51.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Md Deros, B, Ali, MH, Mohamad, D & Daruis, DDI 2016, 'Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers', Iranian Journal of Public Health, vol. 45, pp. 44-51.
Md Deros, Baba ; Ali, Mohd Hafiz ; Mohamad, Darliana ; Daruis, Dian Darina Indah. / Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers. In: Iranian Journal of Public Health. 2016 ; Vol. 45. pp. 44-51.
@article{1797087c8c3c4c05990861ed5d1aa97e,
title = "Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers",
abstract = "Background: This study was an investigation conducted at two oil palm plantations in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia on the prevalence of back pain among workers in the Malaysian oil palm industry. Many manual handling activities and tasks performed were not designed ergonomically, thus a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found among oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) manual workers. The three main objectives of this study were to determine the level of employee awareness on health and safety of manual handling tasks; to recognize the musculoskeletal symptom on the workers body parts; and to analyze their working postures and identify the relevant risk factors. Methods: Modified Nordic questionnaire was used to collect data in 2012 at two oil palm plantations located in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia. Later, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) analysis was conducted for high risk working postures. Seventy workers participated in the study. Results: 81.4{\%} of workers were aware on the correct methods to perform the manual handling tasks. The upper back and lower back pain were experienced by 87.1{\%} and 94.3{\%} of the workers respectively. Conclusion: Manual workers have high level (81.4{\%}) health and safety awareness on manual handling tasks but failed to practice it. As a result, 87.1{\%} of them are sufferring from lower back and 94.3{\%} from upper back pain. FFBs loading activity into the lorry is a high risk and changes needed to be done immediately. The two major risk factors identified were awkward lifting postures and repetitive lifting of FFBs.",
keywords = "Ergonomics, Musculoskeletal pain, Oil palm industry, Posture, Workers",
author = "{Md Deros}, Baba and Ali, {Mohd Hafiz} and Darliana Mohamad and Daruis, {Dian Darina Indah}",
year = "2016",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "44--51",
journal = "Iranian Journal of Public Health",
issn = "0304-4556",
publisher = "Iranian Journal of Public Health",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ergonomic risk assessment on oil palm industry workers

AU - Md Deros, Baba

AU - Ali, Mohd Hafiz

AU - Mohamad, Darliana

AU - Daruis, Dian Darina Indah

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background: This study was an investigation conducted at two oil palm plantations in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia on the prevalence of back pain among workers in the Malaysian oil palm industry. Many manual handling activities and tasks performed were not designed ergonomically, thus a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found among oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) manual workers. The three main objectives of this study were to determine the level of employee awareness on health and safety of manual handling tasks; to recognize the musculoskeletal symptom on the workers body parts; and to analyze their working postures and identify the relevant risk factors. Methods: Modified Nordic questionnaire was used to collect data in 2012 at two oil palm plantations located in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia. Later, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) analysis was conducted for high risk working postures. Seventy workers participated in the study. Results: 81.4% of workers were aware on the correct methods to perform the manual handling tasks. The upper back and lower back pain were experienced by 87.1% and 94.3% of the workers respectively. Conclusion: Manual workers have high level (81.4%) health and safety awareness on manual handling tasks but failed to practice it. As a result, 87.1% of them are sufferring from lower back and 94.3% from upper back pain. FFBs loading activity into the lorry is a high risk and changes needed to be done immediately. The two major risk factors identified were awkward lifting postures and repetitive lifting of FFBs.

AB - Background: This study was an investigation conducted at two oil palm plantations in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia on the prevalence of back pain among workers in the Malaysian oil palm industry. Many manual handling activities and tasks performed were not designed ergonomically, thus a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found among oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) manual workers. The three main objectives of this study were to determine the level of employee awareness on health and safety of manual handling tasks; to recognize the musculoskeletal symptom on the workers body parts; and to analyze their working postures and identify the relevant risk factors. Methods: Modified Nordic questionnaire was used to collect data in 2012 at two oil palm plantations located in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia. Later, Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) analysis was conducted for high risk working postures. Seventy workers participated in the study. Results: 81.4% of workers were aware on the correct methods to perform the manual handling tasks. The upper back and lower back pain were experienced by 87.1% and 94.3% of the workers respectively. Conclusion: Manual workers have high level (81.4%) health and safety awareness on manual handling tasks but failed to practice it. As a result, 87.1% of them are sufferring from lower back and 94.3% from upper back pain. FFBs loading activity into the lorry is a high risk and changes needed to be done immediately. The two major risk factors identified were awkward lifting postures and repetitive lifting of FFBs.

KW - Ergonomics

KW - Musculoskeletal pain

KW - Oil palm industry

KW - Posture

KW - Workers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84963903993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84963903993&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84963903993

VL - 45

SP - 44

EP - 51

JO - Iranian Journal of Public Health

JF - Iranian Journal of Public Health

SN - 0304-4556

ER -