Epoxidized natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride/microcrystalline cellulose (ENR/PVC/MCC) composite membrane for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment

Aina Aqila Arman Alim, Rizafizah Othaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epoxidized natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride/microcrystalline cellulose (ENR/PVC/MCC) composite membranes were prepared and used to treat palm oil mill effluent (POME). The loadings of MCC were varied at 0, 5, 10 and 15 w/w%. The increment of MCC loads has intensified the hydroxyl peak of the membranes in FTIR spectrum, indicating the increase in membrane hydrophilicity. MCC acted as a pore forming agent since the ENR/PVC/10% MCC gave the highest water flux and well-distributed pores. After first treatment of POME, the levels of chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total suspended solid (TSS) were reduced to 99.9%, 70.3%, and 16.9%, respectively. These data showed that ENR/PVC/MCC membrane has the potential to treat POME.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1517-1525
Number of pages9
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

rubber
cellulose
mill
effluent
membrane
oil
biochemical oxygen demand
chemical oxygen demand
polyvinyl chloride
water

Keywords

  • Composite membrane
  • Epoxidized natural rubber
  • Microcrystalline cellulose
  • Polyvinyl chloride
  • Pore forming agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Epoxidized natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride/microcrystalline cellulose (ENR/PVC/MCC) composite membrane for palm oil mill effluent (POME) treatment. / Arman Alim, Aina Aqila; Othaman, Rizafizah.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 47, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 1517-1525.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Epoxidized natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride/microcrystalline cellulose (ENR/PVC/MCC) composite membranes were prepared and used to treat palm oil mill effluent (POME). The loadings of MCC were varied at 0, 5, 10 and 15 w/w{\%}. The increment of MCC loads has intensified the hydroxyl peak of the membranes in FTIR spectrum, indicating the increase in membrane hydrophilicity. MCC acted as a pore forming agent since the ENR/PVC/10{\%} MCC gave the highest water flux and well-distributed pores. After first treatment of POME, the levels of chemical oxygen demand (COD), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total suspended solid (TSS) were reduced to 99.9{\%}, 70.3{\%}, and 16.9{\%}, respectively. These data showed that ENR/PVC/MCC membrane has the potential to treat POME.",
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