Epoxidized natural rubber toughened aqueous resole type liquefied EFB resin

Physical and chemical characterization

Umar Adli Amran, Sarani Zakaria, Chin Hua Chia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A preliminary study on the reaction between aqueous resole type resinified liquefied palm oil empty fruit bunches fibres (RLEFB) with epoxidized natural rubber (ENR). Liquefaction of empty fruit bunches (EFB) is carried out at different ratio of phenol to EFB (P:EFB). Resole type phenolic resin is prepared using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as the catalyst with the ratio of liquefied EFB (LEFB) to formaldehyde (LEFB:F) of 1:1.8. 50% epoxidation of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR-50) is used to react with resole resin by mixing with ENR with aqueous resole resin. The cured resin is characterized with FT-IR and SEM. Aqueous system have been found to be unsuitable medium in the reaction between resin and ENR. This system produced a highly porous product when RLEFB/ENR resin is cured.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages158-162
Number of pages5
Volume1571
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium - Selangor
Duration: 3 Jul 20134 Jul 2013

Other

Other2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium
CitySelangor
Period3/7/134/7/13

Fingerprint

fruits
rubber
resins
phenolic resins
liquefaction
epoxidation
sodium hydroxides
formaldehyde
phenols
oils
catalysts
scanning electron microscopy
fibers
products

Keywords

  • EFB
  • ENR
  • Liquefaction
  • Phenolic resin
  • Resole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Epoxidized natural rubber toughened aqueous resole type liquefied EFB resin : Physical and chemical characterization. / Amran, Umar Adli; Zakaria, Sarani; Chia, Chin Hua.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. p. 158-162.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Amran, UA, Zakaria, S & Chia, CH 2013, Epoxidized natural rubber toughened aqueous resole type liquefied EFB resin: Physical and chemical characterization. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1571, pp. 158-162, 2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium, Selangor, 3/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858647
@inproceedings{673eb6e1f9d140ccb3c2dabad91fe48c,
title = "Epoxidized natural rubber toughened aqueous resole type liquefied EFB resin: Physical and chemical characterization",
abstract = "A preliminary study on the reaction between aqueous resole type resinified liquefied palm oil empty fruit bunches fibres (RLEFB) with epoxidized natural rubber (ENR). Liquefaction of empty fruit bunches (EFB) is carried out at different ratio of phenol to EFB (P:EFB). Resole type phenolic resin is prepared using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as the catalyst with the ratio of liquefied EFB (LEFB) to formaldehyde (LEFB:F) of 1:1.8. 50{\%} epoxidation of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR-50) is used to react with resole resin by mixing with ENR with aqueous resole resin. The cured resin is characterized with FT-IR and SEM. Aqueous system have been found to be unsuitable medium in the reaction between resin and ENR. This system produced a highly porous product when RLEFB/ENR resin is cured.",
keywords = "EFB, ENR, Liquefaction, Phenolic resin, Resole",
author = "Amran, {Umar Adli} and Sarani Zakaria and Chia, {Chin Hua}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1063/1.4858647",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780735411999",
volume = "1571",
pages = "158--162",
booktitle = "AIP Conference Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Epoxidized natural rubber toughened aqueous resole type liquefied EFB resin

T2 - Physical and chemical characterization

AU - Amran, Umar Adli

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Chia, Chin Hua

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - A preliminary study on the reaction between aqueous resole type resinified liquefied palm oil empty fruit bunches fibres (RLEFB) with epoxidized natural rubber (ENR). Liquefaction of empty fruit bunches (EFB) is carried out at different ratio of phenol to EFB (P:EFB). Resole type phenolic resin is prepared using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as the catalyst with the ratio of liquefied EFB (LEFB) to formaldehyde (LEFB:F) of 1:1.8. 50% epoxidation of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR-50) is used to react with resole resin by mixing with ENR with aqueous resole resin. The cured resin is characterized with FT-IR and SEM. Aqueous system have been found to be unsuitable medium in the reaction between resin and ENR. This system produced a highly porous product when RLEFB/ENR resin is cured.

AB - A preliminary study on the reaction between aqueous resole type resinified liquefied palm oil empty fruit bunches fibres (RLEFB) with epoxidized natural rubber (ENR). Liquefaction of empty fruit bunches (EFB) is carried out at different ratio of phenol to EFB (P:EFB). Resole type phenolic resin is prepared using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) as the catalyst with the ratio of liquefied EFB (LEFB) to formaldehyde (LEFB:F) of 1:1.8. 50% epoxidation of epoxidized natural rubber (ENR-50) is used to react with resole resin by mixing with ENR with aqueous resole resin. The cured resin is characterized with FT-IR and SEM. Aqueous system have been found to be unsuitable medium in the reaction between resin and ENR. This system produced a highly porous product when RLEFB/ENR resin is cured.

KW - EFB

KW - ENR

KW - Liquefaction

KW - Phenolic resin

KW - Resole

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897795258&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897795258&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4858647

DO - 10.1063/1.4858647

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 9780735411999

VL - 1571

SP - 158

EP - 162

BT - AIP Conference Proceedings

ER -