Epidemiology of head injury in Malaysian children: a hospital-based study.

Rohana Jaafar, L. C. Ong, A. Abu Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A prospective observational study was carried out at the Emergency Department, Hospital Kuala Lumpur to determine the proportion of accidental head injury among children and the circumstances of injury. The study was carried out from November 1993 to January 1994 on all children below 14 years who presented to the Emergency Department with accidental head injury. Accidental head injury made up (4.75%) of all cases seen at the Casualty Department. The ratio of boys to girls was 2:1. The mean age of head injured children was 5.2 (S.D. 3.63) years. The leading cause of head injury was fall (63%) followed by road traffic accidents (RTA) in (30.7%) while the rest were due to 'impact' (injury caused by flying object or missiles) injuries. More than half (54.4%) of those injured in RTA were pedestrians. Pedestrian injury was particularly important in the 5-< 14 years age group, where adult supervision was lacking in two thirds of the children. None of the patients who were involved in vehicle-related injuries had used a suitable protective or restraining device. All three patients who died were from this group. This study emphasises the need for stricter enforcement of laws related to the use of protective devices and measures to decrease child pedestrian injury. The issues of lack of adult supervision, both in and outside the home need to be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-222
Number of pages6
JournalMedical Journal of Malaysia
Volume53
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1998

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Craniocerebral Trauma
Epidemiology
Wounds and Injuries
Traffic Accidents
Hospital Emergency Service
Protective Devices
Law Enforcement
Observational Studies
Age Groups
Head
Prospective Studies
Equipment and Supplies
Pedestrians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Epidemiology of head injury in Malaysian children : a hospital-based study. / Jaafar, Rohana; Ong, L. C.; Abu Hassan, A.

In: Medical Journal of Malaysia, Vol. 53, No. 3, 09.1998, p. 217-222.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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