Epidemiology of childhood nocturnal enuresis in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in primary school children in Malaysia and to determine the factors associated with primary nocturnal enuresis. Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey. A total of 3371 self-administered questionnaires were distributed to parents of children aged 7, 9 and 12 years attending four primary schools in the city. The ICD-10 definition of enuresis was used. Results: From an overall response rate of 73.8%, nocturnal enuresis was reported in 200 children (8%), primary nocturnal enuresis in 156 children (6.2%) and secondary nocturnal enuresis in 44 children (1.8%). Fifty-three percent of those with primary enuresis had a positive family history, and 54% had two or more wet nights per week. Eighty-seven percent had not sought any form of treatment despite 74% admitting to being embarrassed. Using logistic regression analysis, only three factors were significant predictors of primary nocturnal enuresis. These were: (i) younger age (P < 0.001); (ii) male sex (P < 0.033); and (iii) Indian ethnic group (P < 0.044) compared to Chinese. Conclusion: The prevalence of nocturnal enuresis in urban-dwelling Malaysian children is similar to that reported from Korea and Taiwan but appears to be lower than that reported from developed countries. Predictive factors associated with primary nocturnal enuresis included lower age group, male sex and Indian ethnicity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)118-123
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2003

Fingerprint

Nocturnal Enuresis
Malaysia
Epidemiology
Enuresis
International Classification of Diseases
Korea
Taiwan
Ethnic Groups
Developed Countries
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Nocturnal enuresis
  • Predictive factors
  • Prevalence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Epidemiology of childhood nocturnal enuresis in Malaysia. / P. Yoganathan, Kanaheswari.

In: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, Vol. 39, No. 2, 03.2003, p. 118-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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