Environmental performance of window-integrated systems using dye-sensitised solar module technology in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC)is an emerging type of solar cells in photovoltaic (PV)technology that are desirable because of their flexibility, easy fabrication, and has benign environmental impacts. The environmental performance of DSSC can be investigated by life-cycle assessment (LCA)to further develop this technology in a sustainable manner. This study aimed to evaluate and quantify the LCA of window-integrated PV systems using DSSC module in Malaysia. Typical indicators of solar PV such as cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and greenhouse gas (GHG)emission rate from cradle-to-gate were assessed with SimaPro. Several environmental impacts were also observed through the Recipe Midpoint (H)method. Results showed that the CED produced throughout the DSSC life cycle was 18.75 GJ/kWh, EPBT of 2.42 years and GHG emission rate of 70.52 gCO2-eq/kWh. Moreover, extensive electricity consumption during module fabrication and panel manufacturing processes using Malaysia's energy mix, as well as the use of glass substrates, silver and inverter, were some of the factors that have been identified in this research that affected CED, EPBT, GHG emission rate and a number of environmental impacts including metal depletion, freshwater ecotoxicity, marine ecotoxicity, freshwater eutrophication, human toxicity and fossil depletion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-392
Number of pages14
JournalSolar Energy
Volume187
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2019

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Coloring Agents
Dyes
Gas emissions
Greenhouse gases
Environmental impact
Life cycle
Fabrication
Eutrophication
Silver
Toxicity
Solar cells
Electricity
Metals
Glass
Dye-sensitized solar cells
Substrates

Keywords

  • Cumulative energy demand (CED)
  • Dye sensitised solar cell (DSSC)
  • Energy payback time (EPBT)
  • Greenhouse gas (GHG)emission rate
  • Life cycle assessment (LCA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Environmental performance of window-integrated systems using dye-sensitised solar module technology in Malaysia",
abstract = "Dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC)is an emerging type of solar cells in photovoltaic (PV)technology that are desirable because of their flexibility, easy fabrication, and has benign environmental impacts. The environmental performance of DSSC can be investigated by life-cycle assessment (LCA)to further develop this technology in a sustainable manner. This study aimed to evaluate and quantify the LCA of window-integrated PV systems using DSSC module in Malaysia. Typical indicators of solar PV such as cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and greenhouse gas (GHG)emission rate from cradle-to-gate were assessed with SimaPro. Several environmental impacts were also observed through the Recipe Midpoint (H)method. Results showed that the CED produced throughout the DSSC life cycle was 18.75 GJ/kWh, EPBT of 2.42 years and GHG emission rate of 70.52 gCO2-eq/kWh. Moreover, extensive electricity consumption during module fabrication and panel manufacturing processes using Malaysia's energy mix, as well as the use of glass substrates, silver and inverter, were some of the factors that have been identified in this research that affected CED, EPBT, GHG emission rate and a number of environmental impacts including metal depletion, freshwater ecotoxicity, marine ecotoxicity, freshwater eutrophication, human toxicity and fossil depletion.",
keywords = "Cumulative energy demand (CED), Dye sensitised solar cell (DSSC), Energy payback time (EPBT), Greenhouse gas (GHG)emission rate, Life cycle assessment (LCA)",
author = "Mustafa, {Nur Ifthitah} and {Ahmad Ludin}, Norasikin and Mohamed, {Norani Muti} and Ibrahim, {Mohd. Adib} and {Mat Teridi}, {Mohd Asri} and Suhaila Sepeai and Azami Zaharim and Kamaruzzaman Sopian",
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AU - Mustafa, Nur Ifthitah

AU - Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin

AU - Mohamed, Norani Muti

AU - Ibrahim, Mohd. Adib

AU - Mat Teridi, Mohd Asri

AU - Sepeai, Suhaila

AU - Zaharim, Azami

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2019/7/15

Y1 - 2019/7/15

N2 - Dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC)is an emerging type of solar cells in photovoltaic (PV)technology that are desirable because of their flexibility, easy fabrication, and has benign environmental impacts. The environmental performance of DSSC can be investigated by life-cycle assessment (LCA)to further develop this technology in a sustainable manner. This study aimed to evaluate and quantify the LCA of window-integrated PV systems using DSSC module in Malaysia. Typical indicators of solar PV such as cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and greenhouse gas (GHG)emission rate from cradle-to-gate were assessed with SimaPro. Several environmental impacts were also observed through the Recipe Midpoint (H)method. Results showed that the CED produced throughout the DSSC life cycle was 18.75 GJ/kWh, EPBT of 2.42 years and GHG emission rate of 70.52 gCO2-eq/kWh. Moreover, extensive electricity consumption during module fabrication and panel manufacturing processes using Malaysia's energy mix, as well as the use of glass substrates, silver and inverter, were some of the factors that have been identified in this research that affected CED, EPBT, GHG emission rate and a number of environmental impacts including metal depletion, freshwater ecotoxicity, marine ecotoxicity, freshwater eutrophication, human toxicity and fossil depletion.

AB - Dye-sensitised solar cell (DSSC)is an emerging type of solar cells in photovoltaic (PV)technology that are desirable because of their flexibility, easy fabrication, and has benign environmental impacts. The environmental performance of DSSC can be investigated by life-cycle assessment (LCA)to further develop this technology in a sustainable manner. This study aimed to evaluate and quantify the LCA of window-integrated PV systems using DSSC module in Malaysia. Typical indicators of solar PV such as cumulative energy demand (CED), energy payback time (EPBT), and greenhouse gas (GHG)emission rate from cradle-to-gate were assessed with SimaPro. Several environmental impacts were also observed through the Recipe Midpoint (H)method. Results showed that the CED produced throughout the DSSC life cycle was 18.75 GJ/kWh, EPBT of 2.42 years and GHG emission rate of 70.52 gCO2-eq/kWh. Moreover, extensive electricity consumption during module fabrication and panel manufacturing processes using Malaysia's energy mix, as well as the use of glass substrates, silver and inverter, were some of the factors that have been identified in this research that affected CED, EPBT, GHG emission rate and a number of environmental impacts including metal depletion, freshwater ecotoxicity, marine ecotoxicity, freshwater eutrophication, human toxicity and fossil depletion.

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