Environmental Air Pollutants as Risk Factors for Asthma Among Children Seen in Pediatric Clinics in UKMMC, Kuala Lumpur

Idayu Badilla Idris, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Khor Hui Zhie, Khairul Aliff Khairuman, Siti Kasuma Yahya, Farah Azureen Abd Zaim, Chok Wai Nam, Hazwan Zuhairi Abdul Rasid, Zaleha Md Isa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The prevalence of asthma is increasing, especially among children in Malaysia, with environmental factors as one of the main preventable contributors. The aim of this study was to determine the association between environmental air pollutants and the occurrence of asthma among children seen in pediatric clinics in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center (UKMMC), Kuala Lumpur. An unmatched case control study among children who attended the pediatric clinic was carried out from May to August 2015. A total of 223 children who were diagnosed with asthma (105 cases) and who did not have asthma (118 controls) were included in this study. Their parents or caregivers were interviewed using questionnaires modified from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood. Data obtained were analyzed using SPSS software version 20. There was a higher risk of asthma in those who had carpet at home (OR = 2.15 CI [1.25-3.68]), those who lived within 200 m of heavy traffic (OR = 1.72 CI [1.01-2.93]), and those who were exposed to lorry fumes (OR = 2.61. CI [1.38-4.93]). Environmental air pollutants increased the risk of asthma among children in Malaysia. Exposure to congested roads, lorry fumes, and indoor carpet were associated with asthma among children in this study. Parents or caretakers of children with asthma should be given adequate education on the prevention of asthmatic attack among these children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)202-208
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Global Health
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016

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Air Pollutants
Malaysia
Asthma
Pediatrics
Parents
Caregivers
Case-Control Studies
Hypersensitivity
Software
Education

Keywords

  • asthma
  • children
  • environmental air pollutants
  • Malaysia
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Environmental Air Pollutants as Risk Factors for Asthma Among Children Seen in Pediatric Clinics in UKMMC, Kuala Lumpur. / Idris, Idayu Badilla; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal; Zhie, Khor Hui; Khairuman, Khairul Aliff; Yahya, Siti Kasuma; Abd Zaim, Farah Azureen; Nam, Chok Wai; Abdul Rasid, Hazwan Zuhairi; Md Isa, Zaleha.

In: Annals of Global Health, Vol. 82, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 202-208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Idris, Idayu Badilla ; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal ; Zhie, Khor Hui ; Khairuman, Khairul Aliff ; Yahya, Siti Kasuma ; Abd Zaim, Farah Azureen ; Nam, Chok Wai ; Abdul Rasid, Hazwan Zuhairi ; Md Isa, Zaleha. / Environmental Air Pollutants as Risk Factors for Asthma Among Children Seen in Pediatric Clinics in UKMMC, Kuala Lumpur. In: Annals of Global Health. 2016 ; Vol. 82, No. 1. pp. 202-208.
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