Entrepreneurial intentions among polytechnic students in Malaysia

Norasmah Othman, Mazura Mansor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on student entrepreneurial intentions is very limited in the context of entrepreneurship education in Malaysian polytechnics. Regardless of the fact that the government strongly promotes entrepreneurship as a career choice, many polytechnic students do not take up entrepreneurship after graduation. Therefore, this study identifies the factors that influence students' intention to become an entrepreneur on the basis of the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). A questionnaire survey was conducted among 460 students who are enrolled in the entrepreneurship course at the selected polytechnic in Malaysia. This survey consisted of 85 items measuring attitude towards entrepreneurship, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control and entrepreneurial intention. The findings of the study show that all three factors significantly influence students' intention to become entrepreneurs. Of these three factors, attitude towards entrepreneurship emerged as the strongest factor that influenced the students' intention. This implies that the TPB model is capable of predicting students' intentions towards entrepreneurship and further explaining the students' decision to become an entrepreneur in the future. Moreover, this study found no significant differences between business and non-business students in terms of their entrepreneurial intentions. The findings demonstrate that academics need to play a significant role in encouraging more students to become entrepreneurs by providing effective entrepreneurship education and more awareness on the benefits of becoming entrepreneurs. This in turn, will contribute to the growth of economies and global competitiveness. The implications of the TPB theory and education policies are discussed further in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-526
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Business Management
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Entrepreneurship
Entrepreneurial intention
Malaysia
Entrepreneurs
Theory of planned behavior
Entrepreneurship education
Factors
Influence factors
Subjective norm
Graduation
Perceived behavioral control
Questionnaire survey
Global competitiveness
Education policy
Government
Career choice

Keywords

  • Attitude
  • Entrepreneurial intention
  • Perceived control behavior
  • Polytechnic
  • Subjective norms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

Entrepreneurial intentions among polytechnic students in Malaysia. / Othman, Norasmah; Mansor, Mazura.

In: International Business Management, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2012, p. 517-526.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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