Infeksi entamoeba histolytica dan/atau entamoeba dispar dalam kalangan kanak-kanak orang asli di pos sungai rual, jeli, Kelantan

Translated title of the contribution: Entamoeba histolytica and/or entamoeba dispar infection amongst the orang asli children at pos sungai rual, jeli, Kelantan

Mariam Ahmad Zawawi, Mohamed Kamel Abdul Ghani, Hartini Yusof, Norhisham Haron, Geishamini Gopaopal, Hidayatul Fathi Othman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar is an intestinal protozoa that has a high prevalence of infection among the indigenous aboriginal community. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas and in developing countries compared with developed countries. A total of 111 fecal samples of aboriginal children from the Jahai tribe was screened for Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar using the direct smear technique which yielded 43 positive samples with a prevalence of 38.7%. Due to inadequate amount of the fecal samples, only 66 samples were examined with three different diagnostic techniques i.e. direct smear, formalin-ether concentration and trichrome staining. The results showed high prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar with 50% prevalence using all three diagnostic techniques. The high prevalence of infection was also demonstrated in female children at 62.5% compared with 30.8% in the males (p<0.05). In terms of age, children aged 7-9 years old were more vulnerable to Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar infection, at 60.7% prevalence (p>0.05). Trichrome staining technique demonstrated 100% detection for Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar infection followed by formalin-ether concentration technique at 78.8% and 72.7% for direct smear. Higher prevalence of infection among aboriginal children in Pos Sungai Rual was associated with various factors such as low socioeconomic status, lack of knowledge on health care and poor hygiene. The high prevalence of infection in this study is also attributed to various diagnostic techniques employed, indicating the importance of the use of a more effective diagnostic method in the routine diagnosis for intestinal parasites.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)1095-1098
Number of pages4
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume41
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

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Entamoeba
Entamoeba histolytica
Infection
Ether
Formaldehyde
Staining and Labeling
Hygiene
Population Groups
Developed Countries
Social Class
Developing Countries
Parasites
Delivery of Health Care

Keywords

  • Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar
  • Intestinal protozoa
  • Orang Asli

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Infeksi entamoeba histolytica dan/atau entamoeba dispar dalam kalangan kanak-kanak orang asli di pos sungai rual, jeli, Kelantan. / Zawawi, Mariam Ahmad; Abdul Ghani, Mohamed Kamel; Yusof, Hartini; Haron, Norhisham; Gopaopal, Geishamini; Othman, Hidayatul Fathi.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 41, No. 9, 09.2012, p. 1095-1098.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar is an intestinal protozoa that has a high prevalence of infection among the indigenous aboriginal community. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical areas and in developing countries compared with developed countries. A total of 111 fecal samples of aboriginal children from the Jahai tribe was screened for Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar using the direct smear technique which yielded 43 positive samples with a prevalence of 38.7{\%}. Due to inadequate amount of the fecal samples, only 66 samples were examined with three different diagnostic techniques i.e. direct smear, formalin-ether concentration and trichrome staining. The results showed high prevalence of Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar with 50{\%} prevalence using all three diagnostic techniques. The high prevalence of infection was also demonstrated in female children at 62.5{\%} compared with 30.8{\%} in the males (p<0.05). In terms of age, children aged 7-9 years old were more vulnerable to Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar infection, at 60.7{\%} prevalence (p>0.05). Trichrome staining technique demonstrated 100{\%} detection for Entamoeba histolytica and/or Entamoeba dispar infection followed by formalin-ether concentration technique at 78.8{\%} and 72.7{\%} for direct smear. Higher prevalence of infection among aboriginal children in Pos Sungai Rual was associated with various factors such as low socioeconomic status, lack of knowledge on health care and poor hygiene. The high prevalence of infection in this study is also attributed to various diagnostic techniques employed, indicating the importance of the use of a more effective diagnostic method in the routine diagnosis for intestinal parasites.",
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AU - Abdul Ghani, Mohamed Kamel

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