Enhancing methanol oxidation with a TiO2-modified semiconductor as a photo-catalyst

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is currently one of the most promising alternative power sources because of its high energy, simple design and operation. However, the DMFC still faces several problems, such as sluggish methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction, as well as a high methanol crossover. In other areas of study, it is well-known that methanol can be photocatalytically oxidized by wide band gap semiconductors under solar illumination. Methanol has been used in photocatalytic water splitting to enhance the performance of photo-electrochemical cells (PECs). Therefore, by combining photocatalytic and electro-catalytic mechanisms, methanol is expected to promote a new type of photo-assisted DMFC. In this work, the semiconductor TiO2 was used as a photo-catalyst in a PEC using a methanol solution. A TiO2 P25 suspension was cast onto carbon paper and then dried at 80 °C for 60 min. The photo-electrochemical measurements were carried out in a 3-arm electrochemical cell, using Pt wire as the counter electrode and Ag/AgCl as the reference electrode. Linear scan voltammetry (LSV) was carried out using a 20 V/400 mA potentiostat. The current densities of the electrode were monitored with and without simulated solar illumination. From the investigation, the current density of the TiO2 electrode under solar illumination was higher than it was without solar illumination. However, the value is low due to the low activity of TiO2 under visible light illumination. Further studies were carried out by combining TiO2 with a carbon material and a noble metal alloy to maximize the current density. This modified photo-catalyst can be utilized in a new photo-assisted DMFC to produce higher electricity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Nov 2015

Fingerprint

Methanol
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
methyl alcohol
Semiconductor materials
catalysts
Lighting
Oxidation
oxidation
Catalysts
Photoelectrochemical cells
Electrodes
Current density
illumination
fuel cells
electrochemical cells
electrodes
current density
Carbon
Electrochemical cells
Voltammetry

Keywords

  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Methanol oxidation
  • Photocatalytic
  • Titanium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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title = "Enhancing methanol oxidation with a TiO2-modified semiconductor as a photo-catalyst",
abstract = "The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is currently one of the most promising alternative power sources because of its high energy, simple design and operation. However, the DMFC still faces several problems, such as sluggish methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction, as well as a high methanol crossover. In other areas of study, it is well-known that methanol can be photocatalytically oxidized by wide band gap semiconductors under solar illumination. Methanol has been used in photocatalytic water splitting to enhance the performance of photo-electrochemical cells (PECs). Therefore, by combining photocatalytic and electro-catalytic mechanisms, methanol is expected to promote a new type of photo-assisted DMFC. In this work, the semiconductor TiO2 was used as a photo-catalyst in a PEC using a methanol solution. A TiO2 P25 suspension was cast onto carbon paper and then dried at 80 °C for 60 min. The photo-electrochemical measurements were carried out in a 3-arm electrochemical cell, using Pt wire as the counter electrode and Ag/AgCl as the reference electrode. Linear scan voltammetry (LSV) was carried out using a 20 V/400 mA potentiostat. The current densities of the electrode were monitored with and without simulated solar illumination. From the investigation, the current density of the TiO2 electrode under solar illumination was higher than it was without solar illumination. However, the value is low due to the low activity of TiO2 under visible light illumination. Further studies were carried out by combining TiO2 with a carbon material and a noble metal alloy to maximize the current density. This modified photo-catalyst can be utilized in a new photo-assisted DMFC to produce higher electricity.",
keywords = "Direct methanol fuel cell, Methanol oxidation, Photocatalytic, Titanium oxide",
author = "Haslina Ahmad and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom} and {Effery Minggu}, Lorna and Hasran, {Umi Azmah} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli}",
year = "2015",
month = "11",
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language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
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T1 - Enhancing methanol oxidation with a TiO2-modified semiconductor as a photo-catalyst

AU - Ahmad, Haslina

AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

AU - Effery Minggu, Lorna

AU - Hasran, Umi Azmah

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

PY - 2015/11/6

Y1 - 2015/11/6

N2 - The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is currently one of the most promising alternative power sources because of its high energy, simple design and operation. However, the DMFC still faces several problems, such as sluggish methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction, as well as a high methanol crossover. In other areas of study, it is well-known that methanol can be photocatalytically oxidized by wide band gap semiconductors under solar illumination. Methanol has been used in photocatalytic water splitting to enhance the performance of photo-electrochemical cells (PECs). Therefore, by combining photocatalytic and electro-catalytic mechanisms, methanol is expected to promote a new type of photo-assisted DMFC. In this work, the semiconductor TiO2 was used as a photo-catalyst in a PEC using a methanol solution. A TiO2 P25 suspension was cast onto carbon paper and then dried at 80 °C for 60 min. The photo-electrochemical measurements were carried out in a 3-arm electrochemical cell, using Pt wire as the counter electrode and Ag/AgCl as the reference electrode. Linear scan voltammetry (LSV) was carried out using a 20 V/400 mA potentiostat. The current densities of the electrode were monitored with and without simulated solar illumination. From the investigation, the current density of the TiO2 electrode under solar illumination was higher than it was without solar illumination. However, the value is low due to the low activity of TiO2 under visible light illumination. Further studies were carried out by combining TiO2 with a carbon material and a noble metal alloy to maximize the current density. This modified photo-catalyst can be utilized in a new photo-assisted DMFC to produce higher electricity.

AB - The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is currently one of the most promising alternative power sources because of its high energy, simple design and operation. However, the DMFC still faces several problems, such as sluggish methanol oxidation and oxygen reduction, as well as a high methanol crossover. In other areas of study, it is well-known that methanol can be photocatalytically oxidized by wide band gap semiconductors under solar illumination. Methanol has been used in photocatalytic water splitting to enhance the performance of photo-electrochemical cells (PECs). Therefore, by combining photocatalytic and electro-catalytic mechanisms, methanol is expected to promote a new type of photo-assisted DMFC. In this work, the semiconductor TiO2 was used as a photo-catalyst in a PEC using a methanol solution. A TiO2 P25 suspension was cast onto carbon paper and then dried at 80 °C for 60 min. The photo-electrochemical measurements were carried out in a 3-arm electrochemical cell, using Pt wire as the counter electrode and Ag/AgCl as the reference electrode. Linear scan voltammetry (LSV) was carried out using a 20 V/400 mA potentiostat. The current densities of the electrode were monitored with and without simulated solar illumination. From the investigation, the current density of the TiO2 electrode under solar illumination was higher than it was without solar illumination. However, the value is low due to the low activity of TiO2 under visible light illumination. Further studies were carried out by combining TiO2 with a carbon material and a noble metal alloy to maximize the current density. This modified photo-catalyst can be utilized in a new photo-assisted DMFC to produce higher electricity.

KW - Direct methanol fuel cell

KW - Methanol oxidation

KW - Photocatalytic

KW - Titanium oxide

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