Enhancing inflow forecasting model at aswan high dam utilizing radial basis neural network and upstream monitoring stations measurements

Ahmed El-Shafie, Alaa E. Abdin, Aboelmagd Noureldin, Mohd. Raihan Taha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Nile River is considered the main life artery for so many African countries especially Egypt. Therefore, it is of the essence to preserve its water and utilize it very efficiently. Developing inflow-forecasting model is considered the technical way to effectively achieve such preservation. The hydrological system of the Nile River under consideration has several dams and barrages that are equipped with control gates. The improvement of these hydraulic structures' criteria for operation can be assessed if reliable forecasts of inflows to the reservoir are available. Recently, the authors developed a forecasting model for the natural inflow at Aswan High Dam (AHD) based on Artificial Intelligence (AI). This model was developed based on the historical inflow data of the AHD and successfully provided accurate inflow forecasts with error less than 10%. However, having several forecasting models based on different types of data increase the level of confidences of the water resources planners and AHD operators. In this study, two forecasting model approach based on Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN) method for the natural inflow at AHD utilizing the stream flow data of the monitoring stations upstream the AHD is developed. Natural inflow data collected over the last 30 years at four monitoring stations upstream AHD were used to develop the model and examine its performance. Inclusive data analysis through examining cross-correlation sequences, water traveling time, and physical characteristics of the stream flow data have been developed to help reach the most suitable RBFNN model architecture. The Forecasting Error (FE) value of the error and the distribution of the error are the two statistical performance indices used to evaluate the model accuracy. In addition, comprehensive comparison analysis is carried out to evaluate the performance of the proposed model over those recently developed for forecasting the inflow at AHD. The results of the current study showed that the proposed model improved the forecasting accuracy by 50% for the low inflow season, while keep the forecasting accuracy in the same range for the high inflow season.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2289-2315
Number of pages27
JournalWater Resources Management
Volume23
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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Dams
inflow
dam
Neural networks
Monitoring
Stream flow
streamflow
Rivers
monitoring station
Hydraulic structures
barrage
artificial intelligence
hydraulic structure
Water resources
river
Artificial intelligence
Mathematical operators
Water
water resource
water

Keywords

  • Artificial neural network
  • Aswan High Dam
  • Inflow forecasting
  • Nile River
  • Reservoir operation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Enhancing inflow forecasting model at aswan high dam utilizing radial basis neural network and upstream monitoring stations measurements. / El-Shafie, Ahmed; Abdin, Alaa E.; Noureldin, Aboelmagd; Taha, Mohd. Raihan.

In: Water Resources Management, Vol. 23, No. 11, 2009, p. 2289-2315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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