Enhancement of integrated solar collector with spherical capsules pcm affected by additive aluminum powder

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This research aims to study, analyze, design, and construct a solar air heater combined with an appropriate phase-change material (PCM) unit. This solar air heater is analogous to a collector integrating a thermal storage unit and a solar thermal collector. In this study, such single-pass solar air heater in amalgamation with PCM was constructed, and several tests were conducted on this device. During the experiments for the solar collector with PCM (spherical capsules), the temperature varied between 30°C and 35°C, and the air mass flow rate ranged between 0.03 and 0.09 kg/s. Results confirmed the predicted experimental findings. With the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite, the thermal storage efficiency of the constructed solar air heater reached a maximum value of 71% at 0.05 kg/s mass flow rate, its charging time decreased by almost 70%, and its cooling rate increased. The thermal storage efficiency of the compound composite was 76.8% at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. The results also indicated that the time of charging decreased by almost 60% with the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1604782
JournalJournal of Thermodynamics
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

solar collectors
Solar collectors
capsules
Aluminum
heaters
Powders
phase change materials
Capsules
mass flow rate
Air
Phase change materials
aluminum
Hot Temperature
waxes
augmentation
air
paraffins
Paraffin waxes
accumulators
Waxes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Biophysics

Cite this

@article{163811614601496c9c36f11a11b2d03c,
title = "Enhancement of integrated solar collector with spherical capsules pcm affected by additive aluminum powder",
abstract = "This research aims to study, analyze, design, and construct a solar air heater combined with an appropriate phase-change material (PCM) unit. This solar air heater is analogous to a collector integrating a thermal storage unit and a solar thermal collector. In this study, such single-pass solar air heater in amalgamation with PCM was constructed, and several tests were conducted on this device. During the experiments for the solar collector with PCM (spherical capsules), the temperature varied between 30°C and 35°C, and the air mass flow rate ranged between 0.03 and 0.09 kg/s. Results confirmed the predicted experimental findings. With the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite, the thermal storage efficiency of the constructed solar air heater reached a maximum value of 71{\%} at 0.05 kg/s mass flow rate, its charging time decreased by almost 70{\%}, and its cooling rate increased. The thermal storage efficiency of the compound composite was 76.8{\%} at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. The results also indicated that the time of charging decreased by almost 60{\%} with the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite.",
author = "{Al Ghuol}, {Fatah O.} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Shahrir Abdullah",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1155/2016/1604782",
language = "English",
volume = "2016",
journal = "Journal of Thermodynamics",
issn = "1687-9244",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

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AU - Al Ghuol, Fatah O.

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Abdullah, Shahrir

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - This research aims to study, analyze, design, and construct a solar air heater combined with an appropriate phase-change material (PCM) unit. This solar air heater is analogous to a collector integrating a thermal storage unit and a solar thermal collector. In this study, such single-pass solar air heater in amalgamation with PCM was constructed, and several tests were conducted on this device. During the experiments for the solar collector with PCM (spherical capsules), the temperature varied between 30°C and 35°C, and the air mass flow rate ranged between 0.03 and 0.09 kg/s. Results confirmed the predicted experimental findings. With the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite, the thermal storage efficiency of the constructed solar air heater reached a maximum value of 71% at 0.05 kg/s mass flow rate, its charging time decreased by almost 70%, and its cooling rate increased. The thermal storage efficiency of the compound composite was 76.8% at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. The results also indicated that the time of charging decreased by almost 60% with the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite.

AB - This research aims to study, analyze, design, and construct a solar air heater combined with an appropriate phase-change material (PCM) unit. This solar air heater is analogous to a collector integrating a thermal storage unit and a solar thermal collector. In this study, such single-pass solar air heater in amalgamation with PCM was constructed, and several tests were conducted on this device. During the experiments for the solar collector with PCM (spherical capsules), the temperature varied between 30°C and 35°C, and the air mass flow rate ranged between 0.03 and 0.09 kg/s. Results confirmed the predicted experimental findings. With the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite, the thermal storage efficiency of the constructed solar air heater reached a maximum value of 71% at 0.05 kg/s mass flow rate, its charging time decreased by almost 70%, and its cooling rate increased. The thermal storage efficiency of the compound composite was 76.8% at 0.07 kg/s mass flow rate. The results also indicated that the time of charging decreased by almost 60% with the use of paraffin wax-aluminum composite.

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