Enhanced mechanical properties of hydrothermal carbamated cellulose nanocomposite film reinforced with graphene oxide

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Abstract

Cellulose carbamate (CC) was synthesized via hydrothermal process and mixed with graphene oxide (GO) to form a homogeneous cellulose matrix nanocomposite films. The properties of CC/GO nanocomposite films fabricated using simple solution-mixing method with different GO loadings were studied. Transmission electron microscope analysis showed the exfoliation of self-synthesized GO nanosheets within the CC matrix. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the crystalline structure of CC/GO films as the CC/GO mass ratio increased from 100/0 to 100/4. The mechanical properties of CC/GO film were significantly improved as compared to neat CC film. From thermogravimetric analysis result, the introduction of GO enhanced the thermal stability and carbon yields. The 3D homogeneous porous structures of the CC/GO films were observed under Field emission scanning electron microscope. These improvements in nanocomposite film properties could be confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy due to the strong and good interactions between CC and GO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-293
Number of pages10
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume172
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

Cellulose films
Nanocomposite films
Graphite
Carbamates
Oxides
Graphene
Cellulose
Mechanical properties
Oxide films
Electron microscopes
Nanosheets
Field emission
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Thermogravimetric analysis
Thermodynamic stability
Carbon

Keywords

  • Biocomposite
  • Cellulose carbamate
  • Cellulose derivative
  • Nanomaterials
  • Regenerated cellulose membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Enhanced mechanical properties of hydrothermal carbamated cellulose nanocomposite film reinforced with graphene oxide",
abstract = "Cellulose carbamate (CC) was synthesized via hydrothermal process and mixed with graphene oxide (GO) to form a homogeneous cellulose matrix nanocomposite films. The properties of CC/GO nanocomposite films fabricated using simple solution-mixing method with different GO loadings were studied. Transmission electron microscope analysis showed the exfoliation of self-synthesized GO nanosheets within the CC matrix. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the crystalline structure of CC/GO films as the CC/GO mass ratio increased from 100/0 to 100/4. The mechanical properties of CC/GO film were significantly improved as compared to neat CC film. From thermogravimetric analysis result, the introduction of GO enhanced the thermal stability and carbon yields. The 3D homogeneous porous structures of the CC/GO films were observed under Field emission scanning electron microscope. These improvements in nanocomposite film properties could be confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy due to the strong and good interactions between CC and GO.",
keywords = "Biocomposite, Cellulose carbamate, Cellulose derivative, Nanomaterials, Regenerated cellulose membrane",
author = "Sinyee Gan and Sarani Zakaria and {Syed Jaafar}, {Sharifah Nabihah}",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.05.056",
language = "English",
volume = "172",
pages = "284--293",
journal = "Carbohydrate Polymers",
issn = "0144-8617",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhanced mechanical properties of hydrothermal carbamated cellulose nanocomposite film reinforced with graphene oxide

AU - Gan, Sinyee

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah

PY - 2017/9/15

Y1 - 2017/9/15

N2 - Cellulose carbamate (CC) was synthesized via hydrothermal process and mixed with graphene oxide (GO) to form a homogeneous cellulose matrix nanocomposite films. The properties of CC/GO nanocomposite films fabricated using simple solution-mixing method with different GO loadings were studied. Transmission electron microscope analysis showed the exfoliation of self-synthesized GO nanosheets within the CC matrix. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the crystalline structure of CC/GO films as the CC/GO mass ratio increased from 100/0 to 100/4. The mechanical properties of CC/GO film were significantly improved as compared to neat CC film. From thermogravimetric analysis result, the introduction of GO enhanced the thermal stability and carbon yields. The 3D homogeneous porous structures of the CC/GO films were observed under Field emission scanning electron microscope. These improvements in nanocomposite film properties could be confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy due to the strong and good interactions between CC and GO.

AB - Cellulose carbamate (CC) was synthesized via hydrothermal process and mixed with graphene oxide (GO) to form a homogeneous cellulose matrix nanocomposite films. The properties of CC/GO nanocomposite films fabricated using simple solution-mixing method with different GO loadings were studied. Transmission electron microscope analysis showed the exfoliation of self-synthesized GO nanosheets within the CC matrix. X-ray diffraction results confirmed the crystalline structure of CC/GO films as the CC/GO mass ratio increased from 100/0 to 100/4. The mechanical properties of CC/GO film were significantly improved as compared to neat CC film. From thermogravimetric analysis result, the introduction of GO enhanced the thermal stability and carbon yields. The 3D homogeneous porous structures of the CC/GO films were observed under Field emission scanning electron microscope. These improvements in nanocomposite film properties could be confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy due to the strong and good interactions between CC and GO.

KW - Biocomposite

KW - Cellulose carbamate

KW - Cellulose derivative

KW - Nanomaterials

KW - Regenerated cellulose membrane

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U2 - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.05.056

DO - 10.1016/j.carbpol.2017.05.056

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EP - 293

JO - Carbohydrate Polymers

JF - Carbohydrate Polymers

SN - 0144-8617

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