English teachers' voices on communicative language teaching for reading in Indonesian rural classrooms

Martin Kustati, Yunisrina Qismullah Yusuf, Nooreiny Maarof

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this research was to find out whether English teachers teaching in rural areas in Indonesia are incorporating the Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) approach in their reading classes. The mixed research design included questionnaires, observations and interviews. A questionnaire was administered to 144 teachers in 68 rural high schools in Padang, West Sumatra. Out of these teachers, eight were chosen to be interviewed, and observations were conducted in their classes. Findings of the questionnaire showed that English teachers' perceptions and attitudes are generally positive towards CLT in teaching reading. However, the results from observations and interviews with the teachers indicated that a majority of teachers still implemented the traditional (teacher-centred) approach in teaching reading compared to the student-centred approach as suggested by CLT. The preferred choice of teaching methods in teaching reading was influenced by several factors; namely, the students' low proficiency level, their low degree of self-confidence and motivation, large class sizes, limited teaching schedule, and the teachers' insufficient knowledge on CLT implementation. Finally, this research suggests that if Indonesia expects its policy of learning reform to be successful, intensive and consistent teacher development must be well-organized, and sufficient resources must be allocated so that all schools, especially those in rural areas, can meet the objectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)649-662
Number of pages14
JournalProblems of Education in the 21st Century
Volume76
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

classroom
Teaching
teacher
language
Indonesia
questionnaire
rural area
method of teaching
self-confidence
interview
school
research planning
student
reform
resources
learning

Keywords

  • Communicative language teaching
  • English as a foreign language
  • Reading
  • Rural areas
  • Teachers' voices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

English teachers' voices on communicative language teaching for reading in Indonesian rural classrooms. / Kustati, Martin; Yusuf, Yunisrina Qismullah; Maarof, Nooreiny.

In: Problems of Education in the 21st Century, Vol. 76, No. 5, 01.01.2018, p. 649-662.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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