Energy potential from municipal solid waste in Malaysia

Sivapalan Kathirvale, Muhd Noor Muhd Yunus, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Abdul Halim Samsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

139 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The average amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) generated in Malaysia is 0.5-0.8 kg/person/day and has increased to 1.7 kg/person/day in major cities. This paper highlights the MSW characteristics for the city of Kuala Lumpur. Currently, the waste management approach being employed is landfill, but due to rapid development and lack of space for new landfills, big cities in Malaysia are switching to incineration. A simple evaluation was conducted to establish the amount of energy that would be recovered based on the characteristics of the MSW if it were to be incinerated. From the characterization exercise, the main components of the Malaysian MSW were found to be food, paper and plastic, which made up almost 80% of the waste by weight. The average moisture content of the MSW was about 55%, making incineration a challenging task. The calorific value of the Malaysian MSW ranged between 1500 and 2600 kcal/kg. However, the energy potential from an incineration plant operating based on 1500 ton of MSW/day with an average calorific value of 2200 kcal/kg is assessed to be at 640 kW/day.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-567
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable Energy
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004

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Municipal solid waste
Potential energy
Waste incineration
Calorific value
Land fill
Waste management
Moisture
Plastics

Keywords

  • Calorific value
  • Composition
  • Energy potential
  • Incineration
  • Municipal solid waste

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Energy potential from municipal solid waste in Malaysia. / Kathirvale, Sivapalan; Muhd Yunus, Muhd Noor; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Samsuddin, Abdul Halim.

In: Renewable Energy, Vol. 29, No. 4, 04.2004, p. 559-567.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kathirvale, S, Muhd Yunus, MN, Sopian, K & Samsuddin, AH 2004, 'Energy potential from municipal solid waste in Malaysia', Renewable Energy, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 559-567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2003.09.003
Kathirvale, Sivapalan ; Muhd Yunus, Muhd Noor ; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman ; Samsuddin, Abdul Halim. / Energy potential from municipal solid waste in Malaysia. In: Renewable Energy. 2004 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 559-567.
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