Energy optimization of fluidized bed drying of orange peel using taguchi method

Siti Masrinda Tasirin, Ifa Puspasari, Leong Jun Xing, Zahira Yaakob, Jaharah A Ghani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the application of Taguchi method in optimizing the drying parameters of orange peels (Valencia orange or Citrus sinensis) in a fluidized bed dryer. The optimized drying parameters were operating temperature (60°C and 70 °C), air velocity (0.67 m/s, 0.85 m/s and 1.03 m/s) and orange peel to sand mass ratio (1:0, 1:10 and 1:20). Pareto ANOVA analysis method was used to determine the contribution factor of each parameter during the drying process. It was observed that orange peel to sand mass ratio factor contributed more to drying than air temperature and velocity. In order to bring the final moisture content to 0.1 g water/g dry solids, analysis using Taguchi method showed that the optimum parameters for minimizing the drying time were at air temperature of 70°C, air velocity of 1.03 m/s and orange peel to sand mass ratio of 1:10. The same result was obtained when using specific energy consumption method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1602-1609
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Applied Sciences Journal
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

orange peels
fluidized beds
drying
Citrus sinensis
energy
sand
air temperature
air
specific energy
drying temperature
dryers
analysis of variance
water content
Taguchi method
methodology
temperature
water

Keywords

  • Citrus sinensis
  • Drying curves
  • Drying rate
  • Energy consumption
  • Pareto ANOVA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Energy optimization of fluidized bed drying of orange peel using taguchi method. / Tasirin, Siti Masrinda; Puspasari, Ifa; Xing, Leong Jun; Yaakob, Zahira; A Ghani, Jaharah.

In: World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 26, No. 12, 2013, p. 1602-1609.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tasirin, Siti Masrinda ; Puspasari, Ifa ; Xing, Leong Jun ; Yaakob, Zahira ; A Ghani, Jaharah. / Energy optimization of fluidized bed drying of orange peel using taguchi method. In: World Applied Sciences Journal. 2013 ; Vol. 26, No. 12. pp. 1602-1609.
@article{f34a89f565f24f8d92f1bd9795384303,
title = "Energy optimization of fluidized bed drying of orange peel using taguchi method",
abstract = "This paper presents the application of Taguchi method in optimizing the drying parameters of orange peels (Valencia orange or Citrus sinensis) in a fluidized bed dryer. The optimized drying parameters were operating temperature (60°C and 70 °C), air velocity (0.67 m/s, 0.85 m/s and 1.03 m/s) and orange peel to sand mass ratio (1:0, 1:10 and 1:20). Pareto ANOVA analysis method was used to determine the contribution factor of each parameter during the drying process. It was observed that orange peel to sand mass ratio factor contributed more to drying than air temperature and velocity. In order to bring the final moisture content to 0.1 g water/g dry solids, analysis using Taguchi method showed that the optimum parameters for minimizing the drying time were at air temperature of 70°C, air velocity of 1.03 m/s and orange peel to sand mass ratio of 1:10. The same result was obtained when using specific energy consumption method.",
keywords = "Citrus sinensis, Drying curves, Drying rate, Energy consumption, Pareto ANOVA",
author = "Tasirin, {Siti Masrinda} and Ifa Puspasari and Xing, {Leong Jun} and Zahira Yaakob and {A Ghani}, Jaharah",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.26.12.1655",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "1602--1609",
journal = "World Applied Sciences Journal",
issn = "1818-4952",
publisher = "International Digital Organization for Scientific Information",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy optimization of fluidized bed drying of orange peel using taguchi method

AU - Tasirin, Siti Masrinda

AU - Puspasari, Ifa

AU - Xing, Leong Jun

AU - Yaakob, Zahira

AU - A Ghani, Jaharah

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper presents the application of Taguchi method in optimizing the drying parameters of orange peels (Valencia orange or Citrus sinensis) in a fluidized bed dryer. The optimized drying parameters were operating temperature (60°C and 70 °C), air velocity (0.67 m/s, 0.85 m/s and 1.03 m/s) and orange peel to sand mass ratio (1:0, 1:10 and 1:20). Pareto ANOVA analysis method was used to determine the contribution factor of each parameter during the drying process. It was observed that orange peel to sand mass ratio factor contributed more to drying than air temperature and velocity. In order to bring the final moisture content to 0.1 g water/g dry solids, analysis using Taguchi method showed that the optimum parameters for minimizing the drying time were at air temperature of 70°C, air velocity of 1.03 m/s and orange peel to sand mass ratio of 1:10. The same result was obtained when using specific energy consumption method.

AB - This paper presents the application of Taguchi method in optimizing the drying parameters of orange peels (Valencia orange or Citrus sinensis) in a fluidized bed dryer. The optimized drying parameters were operating temperature (60°C and 70 °C), air velocity (0.67 m/s, 0.85 m/s and 1.03 m/s) and orange peel to sand mass ratio (1:0, 1:10 and 1:20). Pareto ANOVA analysis method was used to determine the contribution factor of each parameter during the drying process. It was observed that orange peel to sand mass ratio factor contributed more to drying than air temperature and velocity. In order to bring the final moisture content to 0.1 g water/g dry solids, analysis using Taguchi method showed that the optimum parameters for minimizing the drying time were at air temperature of 70°C, air velocity of 1.03 m/s and orange peel to sand mass ratio of 1:10. The same result was obtained when using specific energy consumption method.

KW - Citrus sinensis

KW - Drying curves

KW - Drying rate

KW - Energy consumption

KW - Pareto ANOVA

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84890190209&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84890190209&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.26.12.1655

DO - 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.26.12.1655

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84890190209

VL - 26

SP - 1602

EP - 1609

JO - World Applied Sciences Journal

JF - World Applied Sciences Journal

SN - 1818-4952

IS - 12

ER -