Energy indicators for sustainable development in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 14 energy indicators have been developed in the context of sustainable development in Malaysia through the identification of energy policy priority areas. The identified priority areas are i) ensuring sufficiency and cost-effectiveness of energy supply, ii) improving energy efficiency, iii) increasing utilization of renewable energy, iv) minimizing the energy impact on the environment, and v) improving quality of life in term of social well-being. The energy indicators are divided into social, economic and environmental dimensions. The energy policy priority areas are thus assessed by using the developed energy indicators. In term of social development, the Malaysian quality of life has improved. The rural electrification coverage has reached about 93%. Although energy affordability has increased, the tariff subsidy distribution remains unfair, where the richest group is the main subsidy beneficiary. With regards to economic aspects, energy production and consumption patterns are linked to economic growth. From the indicators assessment, the results show that renewable energy and energy efficiency measures are yet to be implemented. In the Ninth Malaysia Plan (9MP), a total of 350MW generated from renewable energy has been set as a target to be achieved by 2010. However, as of 2006, the percentage of achievement towards the target is only about 3.4%. The indicator assessment also shows that Malaysian carbon intensity stands almost the same as the United States for the emission of carbon dioxide from energy use. Moreover, the emission loads from energy sector in air pollutant emissions remain high. As a conclusion, energy indicators for sustainable development can serve as monitoring and assessment tools in providing information for policy makers to correct and improve the conditions of the energy sector in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-231
Number of pages19
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - May 2008

Fingerprint

Malaysia
sustainable development
energy
renewable energy
energy policy
subsidy
quality of life
efficiency
energy production
energy supply
pollutant
energy consumption
social development
social economics
economic growth
coverage
well-being
utilization
air
monitoring

Keywords

  • Energy indicators
  • Indicators assessment and evaluation
  • Sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Energy indicators for sustainable development in Malaysia. / Chan, Hoy Yen; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Ali, Baharuddin; Mokhtar, Mazlin.

In: European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 2, 05.2008, p. 213-231.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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