Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using the Fitness Function

Aqeel Taha, Raed Alsaqour, Mueen Uddin, Maha Abdelhaq, Tanzila Saba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically form a temporary network without the reliance of any infrastructure or central administration. Energy consumption is considered as one of the major limitations in MANET, as the mobile nodes do not possess permanent power supply and have to rely on batteries, thus reducing network lifetime as batteries get exhausted very quickly as nodes move and change their positions rapidly across MANET. This paper highlights the energy consumption in MANET by applying the fitness function technique to optimize the energy consumption in ad hoc on demand multipath distance vector (AOMDV) routing protocol. The proposed protocol is called AOMDV with the fitness function (FF-AOMDV). The fitness function is used to find the optimal path from source node to destination node to reduce the energy consumption in multipath routing. The performance of the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol has been evaluated by using network simulator version 2, where the performance was compared with AOMDV and ad hoc on demand multipath routing with life maximization (AOMR-LM) protocols, the two most popular protocols proposed in this area. The comparison was evaluated based on energy consumption, throughput, packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delay, network lifetime and routing overhead ratio performance metrics, varying the node speed, packet size, and simulation time. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed FF-AOMDV outperformed AOMDV and AOMR-LM under majority of the network performance metrics and parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7933071
Pages (from-to)10369-10381
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Access
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Mobile ad hoc networks
Routing protocols
Energy utilization
Network protocols
Network performance
Simulators
Throughput

Keywords

  • Energy efficient protocol
  • fitness function
  • mobile ad hoc network
  • multipath routing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using the Fitness Function. / Taha, Aqeel; Alsaqour, Raed; Uddin, Mueen; Abdelhaq, Maha; Saba, Tanzila.

In: IEEE Access, Vol. 5, 7933071, 2017, p. 10369-10381.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taha, A, Alsaqour, R, Uddin, M, Abdelhaq, M & Saba, T 2017, 'Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using the Fitness Function', IEEE Access, vol. 5, 7933071, pp. 10369-10381. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2707537
Taha, Aqeel ; Alsaqour, Raed ; Uddin, Mueen ; Abdelhaq, Maha ; Saba, Tanzila. / Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using the Fitness Function. In: IEEE Access. 2017 ; Vol. 5. pp. 10369-10381.
@article{2053aeffe6184ec7bb7788b93e1df703,
title = "Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using the Fitness Function",
abstract = "Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically form a temporary network without the reliance of any infrastructure or central administration. Energy consumption is considered as one of the major limitations in MANET, as the mobile nodes do not possess permanent power supply and have to rely on batteries, thus reducing network lifetime as batteries get exhausted very quickly as nodes move and change their positions rapidly across MANET. This paper highlights the energy consumption in MANET by applying the fitness function technique to optimize the energy consumption in ad hoc on demand multipath distance vector (AOMDV) routing protocol. The proposed protocol is called AOMDV with the fitness function (FF-AOMDV). The fitness function is used to find the optimal path from source node to destination node to reduce the energy consumption in multipath routing. The performance of the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol has been evaluated by using network simulator version 2, where the performance was compared with AOMDV and ad hoc on demand multipath routing with life maximization (AOMR-LM) protocols, the two most popular protocols proposed in this area. The comparison was evaluated based on energy consumption, throughput, packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delay, network lifetime and routing overhead ratio performance metrics, varying the node speed, packet size, and simulation time. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed FF-AOMDV outperformed AOMDV and AOMR-LM under majority of the network performance metrics and parameters.",
keywords = "Energy efficient protocol, fitness function, mobile ad hoc network, multipath routing",
author = "Aqeel Taha and Raed Alsaqour and Mueen Uddin and Maha Abdelhaq and Tanzila Saba",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2707537",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "10369--10381",
journal = "IEEE Access",
issn = "2169-3536",
publisher = "Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy Efficient Multipath Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad-Hoc Network Using the Fitness Function

AU - Taha, Aqeel

AU - Alsaqour, Raed

AU - Uddin, Mueen

AU - Abdelhaq, Maha

AU - Saba, Tanzila

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically form a temporary network without the reliance of any infrastructure or central administration. Energy consumption is considered as one of the major limitations in MANET, as the mobile nodes do not possess permanent power supply and have to rely on batteries, thus reducing network lifetime as batteries get exhausted very quickly as nodes move and change their positions rapidly across MANET. This paper highlights the energy consumption in MANET by applying the fitness function technique to optimize the energy consumption in ad hoc on demand multipath distance vector (AOMDV) routing protocol. The proposed protocol is called AOMDV with the fitness function (FF-AOMDV). The fitness function is used to find the optimal path from source node to destination node to reduce the energy consumption in multipath routing. The performance of the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol has been evaluated by using network simulator version 2, where the performance was compared with AOMDV and ad hoc on demand multipath routing with life maximization (AOMR-LM) protocols, the two most popular protocols proposed in this area. The comparison was evaluated based on energy consumption, throughput, packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delay, network lifetime and routing overhead ratio performance metrics, varying the node speed, packet size, and simulation time. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed FF-AOMDV outperformed AOMDV and AOMR-LM under majority of the network performance metrics and parameters.

AB - Mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically form a temporary network without the reliance of any infrastructure or central administration. Energy consumption is considered as one of the major limitations in MANET, as the mobile nodes do not possess permanent power supply and have to rely on batteries, thus reducing network lifetime as batteries get exhausted very quickly as nodes move and change their positions rapidly across MANET. This paper highlights the energy consumption in MANET by applying the fitness function technique to optimize the energy consumption in ad hoc on demand multipath distance vector (AOMDV) routing protocol. The proposed protocol is called AOMDV with the fitness function (FF-AOMDV). The fitness function is used to find the optimal path from source node to destination node to reduce the energy consumption in multipath routing. The performance of the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol has been evaluated by using network simulator version 2, where the performance was compared with AOMDV and ad hoc on demand multipath routing with life maximization (AOMR-LM) protocols, the two most popular protocols proposed in this area. The comparison was evaluated based on energy consumption, throughput, packet delivery ratio, end-to-end delay, network lifetime and routing overhead ratio performance metrics, varying the node speed, packet size, and simulation time. The results clearly demonstrate that the proposed FF-AOMDV outperformed AOMDV and AOMR-LM under majority of the network performance metrics and parameters.

KW - Energy efficient protocol

KW - fitness function

KW - mobile ad hoc network

KW - multipath routing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85028413335&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85028413335&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2707537

DO - 10.1109/ACCESS.2017.2707537

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85028413335

VL - 5

SP - 10369

EP - 10381

JO - IEEE Access

JF - IEEE Access

SN - 2169-3536

M1 - 7933071

ER -