Energy conversion: Nano solar cell

Muhammad Yahaya, Chi Chin Yap, Muhamad Mat Salleh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Problems of fossil-fuel-induced climate change have sparked a demand for sustainable energy supply for all sectors of economy. Most laboratories continue to search for new materials and new technique to generate clean energy at affordable cost. Nanotechnology can play a major role in solving the energy problem. The prospect for solar energy using Si-based technology is not encouraging. Si photovoltaics can produce electricity at 20-30 ¢S/kWhr with about 25% efficiency. Nanoparticles have a strong capacity to absorb light and generate more electrons for current as discovered in the recent work of organic and dye-sensitized cell. Using cheap preparation technique such as screen-printing and selfassembly growth, organic cells shows a strong potential for commercialization. Thin Films research group at National University Malaysia has been actively involved in these areas, and in this seminar, we will present a review works on nanomaterials for solar cells and particularly on hybrid organic solar cell based on ZnO nanorod arrays. The organic layer consisting of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-l,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEHPPV) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid 3-ethylthiophene ester (PCBE) was spin-coated on ZnO nanorod arrays. ZnO nanorod arrays were grown on FTO glass substrates which were pre-coated with ZnO nanoparticles using a low temperature chemical solution method. A gold electrode was used as the top contact. The device gave a short circuit current density of 2.49 x 10" mA/cm and an open circuit voltage of 0.45 V under illumination of a projector halogen light at 100 mW/cm2.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference
Pages32-37
Number of pages6
Volume360
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventPipelines 2009 Conference, Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - San Diego, CA
Duration: 15 Aug 200919 Aug 2009

Other

OtherPipelines 2009 Conference, Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets
CitySan Diego, CA
Period15/8/0919/8/09

Fingerprint

Nanorods
Energy conversion
Solar cells
Nanoparticles
Butyric acid
Screen printing
Open circuit voltage
Technical presentations
Fossil fuels
Nanotechnology
Nanostructured materials
Climate change
Short circuit currents
Solar energy
Esters
Current density
Electricity
Dyes
Lighting
Gold

Keywords

  • Bulk heterojunction
  • MEHPPV
  • Organic solar cells
  • ZnO nanorods arrays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Building and Construction

Cite this

Yahaya, M., Yap, C. C., & Mat Salleh, M. (2009). Energy conversion: Nano solar cell. In Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference (Vol. 360, pp. 32-37) https://doi.org/10.1061/41069(360)32

Energy conversion : Nano solar cell. / Yahaya, Muhammad; Yap, Chi Chin; Mat Salleh, Muhamad.

Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference. Vol. 360 2009. p. 32-37.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yahaya, M, Yap, CC & Mat Salleh, M 2009, Energy conversion: Nano solar cell. in Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference. vol. 360, pp. 32-37, Pipelines 2009 Conference, Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets, San Diego, CA, 15/8/09. https://doi.org/10.1061/41069(360)32
Yahaya M, Yap CC, Mat Salleh M. Energy conversion: Nano solar cell. In Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference. Vol. 360. 2009. p. 32-37 https://doi.org/10.1061/41069(360)32
Yahaya, Muhammad ; Yap, Chi Chin ; Mat Salleh, Muhamad. / Energy conversion : Nano solar cell. Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference. Vol. 360 2009. pp. 32-37
@inproceedings{d0f2c36c2c9e41849038d1ed2267127a,
title = "Energy conversion: Nano solar cell",
abstract = "Problems of fossil-fuel-induced climate change have sparked a demand for sustainable energy supply for all sectors of economy. Most laboratories continue to search for new materials and new technique to generate clean energy at affordable cost. Nanotechnology can play a major role in solving the energy problem. The prospect for solar energy using Si-based technology is not encouraging. Si photovoltaics can produce electricity at 20-30 ¢S/kWhr with about 25{\%} efficiency. Nanoparticles have a strong capacity to absorb light and generate more electrons for current as discovered in the recent work of organic and dye-sensitized cell. Using cheap preparation technique such as screen-printing and selfassembly growth, organic cells shows a strong potential for commercialization. Thin Films research group at National University Malaysia has been actively involved in these areas, and in this seminar, we will present a review works on nanomaterials for solar cells and particularly on hybrid organic solar cell based on ZnO nanorod arrays. The organic layer consisting of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-l,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEHPPV) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid 3-ethylthiophene ester (PCBE) was spin-coated on ZnO nanorod arrays. ZnO nanorod arrays were grown on FTO glass substrates which were pre-coated with ZnO nanoparticles using a low temperature chemical solution method. A gold electrode was used as the top contact. The device gave a short circuit current density of 2.49 x 10{"} mA/cm and an open circuit voltage of 0.45 V under illumination of a projector halogen light at 100 mW/cm2.",
keywords = "Bulk heterojunction, MEHPPV, Organic solar cells, ZnO nanorods arrays",
author = "Muhammad Yahaya and Yap, {Chi Chin} and {Mat Salleh}, Muhamad",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1061/41069(360)32",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780784410691",
volume = "360",
pages = "32--37",
booktitle = "Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Energy conversion

T2 - Nano solar cell

AU - Yahaya, Muhammad

AU - Yap, Chi Chin

AU - Mat Salleh, Muhamad

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Problems of fossil-fuel-induced climate change have sparked a demand for sustainable energy supply for all sectors of economy. Most laboratories continue to search for new materials and new technique to generate clean energy at affordable cost. Nanotechnology can play a major role in solving the energy problem. The prospect for solar energy using Si-based technology is not encouraging. Si photovoltaics can produce electricity at 20-30 ¢S/kWhr with about 25% efficiency. Nanoparticles have a strong capacity to absorb light and generate more electrons for current as discovered in the recent work of organic and dye-sensitized cell. Using cheap preparation technique such as screen-printing and selfassembly growth, organic cells shows a strong potential for commercialization. Thin Films research group at National University Malaysia has been actively involved in these areas, and in this seminar, we will present a review works on nanomaterials for solar cells and particularly on hybrid organic solar cell based on ZnO nanorod arrays. The organic layer consisting of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-l,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEHPPV) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid 3-ethylthiophene ester (PCBE) was spin-coated on ZnO nanorod arrays. ZnO nanorod arrays were grown on FTO glass substrates which were pre-coated with ZnO nanoparticles using a low temperature chemical solution method. A gold electrode was used as the top contact. The device gave a short circuit current density of 2.49 x 10" mA/cm and an open circuit voltage of 0.45 V under illumination of a projector halogen light at 100 mW/cm2.

AB - Problems of fossil-fuel-induced climate change have sparked a demand for sustainable energy supply for all sectors of economy. Most laboratories continue to search for new materials and new technique to generate clean energy at affordable cost. Nanotechnology can play a major role in solving the energy problem. The prospect for solar energy using Si-based technology is not encouraging. Si photovoltaics can produce electricity at 20-30 ¢S/kWhr with about 25% efficiency. Nanoparticles have a strong capacity to absorb light and generate more electrons for current as discovered in the recent work of organic and dye-sensitized cell. Using cheap preparation technique such as screen-printing and selfassembly growth, organic cells shows a strong potential for commercialization. Thin Films research group at National University Malaysia has been actively involved in these areas, and in this seminar, we will present a review works on nanomaterials for solar cells and particularly on hybrid organic solar cell based on ZnO nanorod arrays. The organic layer consisting of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-l,4-phenylenevinylene] (MEHPPV) and [6,6]-phenyl C61-butyric acid 3-ethylthiophene ester (PCBE) was spin-coated on ZnO nanorod arrays. ZnO nanorod arrays were grown on FTO glass substrates which were pre-coated with ZnO nanoparticles using a low temperature chemical solution method. A gold electrode was used as the top contact. The device gave a short circuit current density of 2.49 x 10" mA/cm and an open circuit voltage of 0.45 V under illumination of a projector halogen light at 100 mW/cm2.

KW - Bulk heterojunction

KW - MEHPPV

KW - Organic solar cells

KW - ZnO nanorods arrays

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70449553590&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=70449553590&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/41069(360)32

DO - 10.1061/41069(360)32

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:70449553590

SN - 9780784410691

VL - 360

SP - 32

EP - 37

BT - Pipelines 2009: Infrastructure's Hidden Assets - Proceedings of the Pipelines 2009 Conference

ER -