Energy consumption in cement and concrete and role of wastes in it

A review

M. R. Karim, Muhammad Fauzi Mohd. Zain, Maslina Jamil, F. C. Lai, M. N. Islam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recently, due to technological advancement and modern development, demands and consumptions of energy in different formations are mounting gradually in the world. The present growing population, industrialization, transportation, construction, modern life styles are the main reasons for these elevated demand. In addition, natural resources are reducing gradually and production cost of energy is increasing every day. Consequently, to solve these, researches in various sectors are progressing rigorously for the sustainable development including energy saving, more utilization of waste materials, renewable energy, green building, alternative source and utilization of fossil fuels, sustainable concrete, maximum utilization of solar energy, etc. In this paper, a critical review on energy consumption in cement and concrete manufacturing have been described; in addition, role of waste materials (slag, fly ash, rice husk ash, palm oil fuel ash, ash from timber) as a supplement of cement and/or ingredient of concrete have been presented. The economical, technical and environmental advantages of waste materials as supplement of cement and concrete have been mentioned here; a probable energy saving strategy has been proposed, as well. On the basis of published documents and literatures, it can therefore be concluded that a productive, valuable and possible way of saving energy as well as sustainable concrete construction would be executed by effective consumption of these wastes as a supplement of cement and/or constituent of concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1959-1966
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Applied Sciences Journal
Volume13
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Ashes
Cements
Energy utilization
Concretes
Energy conservation
Palm oil
Fuel oils
Timber
Natural resources
Mountings
Fly ash
Fossil fuels
Concrete construction
Solar energy
Slags
Sustainable development
Costs

Keywords

  • Cement
  • Concrete
  • Energy
  • Waste materials (slag, Fly ash, Rice husk ash, Palm oil fuel ash)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Energy consumption in cement and concrete and role of wastes in it : A review. / Karim, M. R.; Mohd. Zain, Muhammad Fauzi; Jamil, Maslina; Lai, F. C.; Islam, M. N.

In: World Applied Sciences Journal, Vol. 13, No. 9, 2011, p. 1959-1966.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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