Energy consumption and emission projection for the road transport sector in Malaysia: an application of the LEAP model

Musharrat Azam, Jamal Othman, Rawshan Ara Begum, Sharifah Mastura Syed Abdullah, Nor Ghani Md Nor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study has attempted to estimate the energy consumption and emission of pollutants namely carbon dioxide (CO<inf>2</inf>), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) from the road transport sector in Malaysia from the year 2012 till 2040. This was done using the long-range energy alternatives planning (LEAP) model. Estimates of energy consumption and emissions were evaluated and analysed under a business-as-usual scenario and three other alternative fuel policy scenarios of biodiesel vehicles (BIO), natural gas vehicles (NGV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The aim of this study has been to identify the potential alternative fuel policies that would be effective in reducing the future growth of road transport energy consumption and emission in Malaysia. Results indicate that the NGV scenario contributes towards the highest reduction in road transport energy consumption followed by BIO and HEV. The NGV scenario also achieves highest mitigation of emission of all the four pollutants. In the case of CO<inf>2</inf> emission, BIO scenario attains second highest mitigation, whereas in the event of CO, NOx and NMVOC emission, HEV scenario achieves second highest mitigation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironment, Development and Sustainability
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 25 Jun 2015

Fingerprint

alternative energy
road transport
planning model
energy consumption
Malaysia
projection
electric vehicle
road
scenario
natural gas
alternative fuel
mitigation
nitrogen oxides
carbon monoxide
volatile organic compound
pollutant
traffic emission
carbon dioxide
vehicle
planning

Keywords

  • Emission
  • Energy consumption
  • Energy forecast
  • Energy policies
  • LEAP
  • Malaysia
  • Road transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

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title = "Energy consumption and emission projection for the road transport sector in Malaysia: an application of the LEAP model",
abstract = "This study has attempted to estimate the energy consumption and emission of pollutants namely carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) from the road transport sector in Malaysia from the year 2012 till 2040. This was done using the long-range energy alternatives planning (LEAP) model. Estimates of energy consumption and emissions were evaluated and analysed under a business-as-usual scenario and three other alternative fuel policy scenarios of biodiesel vehicles (BIO), natural gas vehicles (NGV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The aim of this study has been to identify the potential alternative fuel policies that would be effective in reducing the future growth of road transport energy consumption and emission in Malaysia. Results indicate that the NGV scenario contributes towards the highest reduction in road transport energy consumption followed by BIO and HEV. The NGV scenario also achieves highest mitigation of emission of all the four pollutants. In the case of CO2 emission, BIO scenario attains second highest mitigation, whereas in the event of CO, NOx and NMVOC emission, HEV scenario achieves second highest mitigation.",
keywords = "Emission, Energy consumption, Energy forecast, Energy policies, LEAP, Malaysia, Road transport",
author = "Musharrat Azam and Jamal Othman and Begum, {Rawshan Ara} and {Syed Abdullah}, {Sharifah Mastura} and {Md Nor}, {Nor Ghani}",
year = "2015",
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T2 - an application of the LEAP model

AU - Azam, Musharrat

AU - Othman, Jamal

AU - Begum, Rawshan Ara

AU - Syed Abdullah, Sharifah Mastura

AU - Md Nor, Nor Ghani

PY - 2015/6/25

Y1 - 2015/6/25

N2 - This study has attempted to estimate the energy consumption and emission of pollutants namely carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) from the road transport sector in Malaysia from the year 2012 till 2040. This was done using the long-range energy alternatives planning (LEAP) model. Estimates of energy consumption and emissions were evaluated and analysed under a business-as-usual scenario and three other alternative fuel policy scenarios of biodiesel vehicles (BIO), natural gas vehicles (NGV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The aim of this study has been to identify the potential alternative fuel policies that would be effective in reducing the future growth of road transport energy consumption and emission in Malaysia. Results indicate that the NGV scenario contributes towards the highest reduction in road transport energy consumption followed by BIO and HEV. The NGV scenario also achieves highest mitigation of emission of all the four pollutants. In the case of CO2 emission, BIO scenario attains second highest mitigation, whereas in the event of CO, NOx and NMVOC emission, HEV scenario achieves second highest mitigation.

AB - This study has attempted to estimate the energy consumption and emission of pollutants namely carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOC) from the road transport sector in Malaysia from the year 2012 till 2040. This was done using the long-range energy alternatives planning (LEAP) model. Estimates of energy consumption and emissions were evaluated and analysed under a business-as-usual scenario and three other alternative fuel policy scenarios of biodiesel vehicles (BIO), natural gas vehicles (NGV) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEV). The aim of this study has been to identify the potential alternative fuel policies that would be effective in reducing the future growth of road transport energy consumption and emission in Malaysia. Results indicate that the NGV scenario contributes towards the highest reduction in road transport energy consumption followed by BIO and HEV. The NGV scenario also achieves highest mitigation of emission of all the four pollutants. In the case of CO2 emission, BIO scenario attains second highest mitigation, whereas in the event of CO, NOx and NMVOC emission, HEV scenario achieves second highest mitigation.

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KW - Energy consumption

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KW - Energy policies

KW - LEAP

KW - Malaysia

KW - Road transport

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