Empathy among undergraduate medical students: A cross-sectional study in one Malaysian public medical school

Mainul Haque, Bidyadhar Sa, Md Anwarul Azim Majumder, Md Zakirul Islam, Nur Syamirah Aishah Binti Othman, Siti Nur Najihah Binti Lutfi, Golam Mohammad Kibria, Abdus Salam, Mohd Hafizi Ismail, Shahidah Leong Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Empathy is one of the cardinal components for physician-patient relationships, optimal outcomes in patient care, improved patient satisfaction, greater adherence to therapy, and lower malpractice liability. It is also considered an essential quality for health-care professionals to practice medicine. The aim of the present study was to assess the empathy level of medical students of Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) National Defense University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017 which recruited medical students of UPNM. The Empathy Quotient, a self-reported questionnaire, was utilized for data collection. The total empathy score of the questionnaire is 80. Results: Majority of the respondents were male (60.9%), year-V students (26.6%), Malay (70.5%), and cadet officer (69.6%). The overall mean score achieved by the respondents was 36.76 ± 9.18, and 74.4% of the respondents scored more than 30. The empathy scores of the students were significantly affected by the gender (t = 2.371; df = 205; P < 0.05), year of study (F = 2.553; df = 4/202; P < 0.05), and examination grades (F = 3.488; df = 2/204; P < 0.05). The findings showed that female students are more empathetic than their male counterparts. Further, the post hoc Tukey test analysis revealed that Year-V students are more empathetic than their junior counterparts and students who got highest grade are more empathetic. Conclusions: To improve the empathy level of the UPNM medical students, appropriate educational strategies and interventions should be designed and implemented in the curriculum to inculcate, maintain, and enhance empathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of African Medicine
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Medical Schools
Medical Students
Malaysia
Cross-Sectional Studies
Students
Physician-Patient Relations
Professional Practice
Quality of Health Care
Malpractice
Patient Satisfaction
Curriculum
Patient Care
Medicine
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Empathy
  • Examination grades
  • Malaysia
  • Undergraduate medical students
  • Year of study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Haque, M., Sa, B., Majumder, M. A. A., Islam, M. Z., Othman, N. S. A. B., Lutfi, S. N. N. B., ... Abdullah, S. L. (2018). Empathy among undergraduate medical students: A cross-sectional study in one Malaysian public medical school. Annals of African Medicine, 17(4), 183-188. https://doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_57_17

Empathy among undergraduate medical students : A cross-sectional study in one Malaysian public medical school. / Haque, Mainul; Sa, Bidyadhar; Majumder, Md Anwarul Azim; Islam, Md Zakirul; Othman, Nur Syamirah Aishah Binti; Lutfi, Siti Nur Najihah Binti; Kibria, Golam Mohammad; Salam, Abdus; Ismail, Mohd Hafizi; Abdullah, Shahidah Leong.

In: Annals of African Medicine, Vol. 17, No. 4, 01.01.2018, p. 183-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haque, M, Sa, B, Majumder, MAA, Islam, MZ, Othman, NSAB, Lutfi, SNNB, Kibria, GM, Salam, A, Ismail, MH & Abdullah, SL 2018, 'Empathy among undergraduate medical students: A cross-sectional study in one Malaysian public medical school', Annals of African Medicine, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 183-188. https://doi.org/10.4103/aam.aam_57_17
Haque, Mainul ; Sa, Bidyadhar ; Majumder, Md Anwarul Azim ; Islam, Md Zakirul ; Othman, Nur Syamirah Aishah Binti ; Lutfi, Siti Nur Najihah Binti ; Kibria, Golam Mohammad ; Salam, Abdus ; Ismail, Mohd Hafizi ; Abdullah, Shahidah Leong. / Empathy among undergraduate medical students : A cross-sectional study in one Malaysian public medical school. In: Annals of African Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 17, No. 4. pp. 183-188.
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