Emergence of a new nanomaterial: Nanocellulose and its nanocomposites

Chi Hoong Chan, Chin Hua Chia, Sarani Zakaria

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Biobased nanofibers, nanocelluloses, have been studied extensively and received a lot of attention recently due to its renewability, biodegradability, and superior mechanical properties. The production of nanocelluloses typically begins with physical, chemical, and enzymatic pre-treatment of biomass to remove lignin and hemicellulose from biomass sources to mitigate the high cost of nanocellulose production. There are three different types of nanocelluloses that can be extracted or produced, namely, cellulose nanocrystals (CNC), cellulose nanofibrils (CNF), and bacterial cellulose (BC). Each nanocellulose differs in its mechanical, physical, chemical properties, biomass sources, and its method of productions (pre-treatment and defibrillation method) are reviewed in this chapter. The multiple applications of nanocellulose with the focus on nanocomposites are also reviewed. The commercial production of nanocelluloses is expected to increase remarkably in near future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Polymeric Composites
Subtitle of host publicationMacro to Nanoscales
PublisherApple Academic Press
Pages163-195
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9781771885003
ISBN (Print)9781771884990
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

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Nanostructured materials
Nanocomposites
Cellulose
Biomass
Lignin
Biodegradability
Nanofibers
Nanocrystals
Chemical properties
Mechanical properties
Costs

Keywords

  • Applications
  • Extraction methods
  • Nanocellulose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Chan, C. H., Chia, C. H., & Zakaria, S. (2017). Emergence of a new nanomaterial: Nanocellulose and its nanocomposites. In Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales (pp. 163-195). Apple Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315207452

Emergence of a new nanomaterial : Nanocellulose and its nanocomposites. / Chan, Chi Hoong; Chia, Chin Hua; Zakaria, Sarani.

Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press, 2017. p. 163-195.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Chan, CH, Chia, CH & Zakaria, S 2017, Emergence of a new nanomaterial: Nanocellulose and its nanocomposites. in Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press, pp. 163-195. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315207452
Chan CH, Chia CH, Zakaria S. Emergence of a new nanomaterial: Nanocellulose and its nanocomposites. In Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press. 2017. p. 163-195 https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315207452
Chan, Chi Hoong ; Chia, Chin Hua ; Zakaria, Sarani. / Emergence of a new nanomaterial : Nanocellulose and its nanocomposites. Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press, 2017. pp. 163-195
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