Eliminating oxygen vacancies in SnO2 films via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for perovskite solar cells and photoelectrochemical cells

Mohamad Firdaus Mohamad Noh, Nurul Affiqah Arzaee, Javad Safaei, Nurul Aida Mohamed, Hyeong Pil Kim, Abd Rashid Mohd Yusoff, Jin Jang, Mohd Asri Mat Teridi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thin film deposition technologies are rapidly advancing especially in the field of solar energy storage and solar cells. Herein, spin coating and aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition (AACVD) are chosen to represent solution-based and vapour-based deposition routes, respectively. SnO2 films processed at low temperature via the mentioned methods are applied in photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell as active photoanode and perovskite solar cell (PSC) as electron transport layer. This study discovers that spin coated SnO2 film which consists of greater amount of oxygen vacancy is beneficial for PEC cell but is detrimental towards the stability and hysteresis of PSC device. The improved PEC performance is majorly attributed to the enhanced light absorption of SnO2 caused by the reduction of its band gap energy. Meanwhile, AACVD method successfully eliminates oxygen vacancy in SnO2 crystal lattice. Although PEC cell shows very poor performance upon using AACVD-fabricated SnO2, the employment of this layer greatly enhances the overall performance of PSC. The absence of oxygen vacancy allows efficient charge transfer at SnO2/perovskite interface and renders SnO2 less hydrophobic which prevents moisture-induced degradation of perovskite layer. Our findings provide valuable information to understanding the film formation mechanism of different fabrication technologies and their suitability for particular optoelectronic application.

LanguageEnglish
Pages997-1008
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Volume773
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Photoelectrochemical cells
Spin coating
Oxygen vacancies
Aerosols
Chemical vapor deposition
Perovskite
Optoelectronic devices
Energy storage
Solar energy
Light absorption
Hysteresis
Charge transfer
Solar cells
Energy gap
Moisture
Vapors
Fabrication
Degradation
Thin films
Perovskite solar cells

Keywords

  • Aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition
  • Oxygen vacancy
  • Perovskite solar cell
  • Photoelectrochemical water splitting
  • Spin coating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Eliminating oxygen vacancies in SnO2 films via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for perovskite solar cells and photoelectrochemical cells. / Mohamad Noh, Mohamad Firdaus; Arzaee, Nurul Affiqah; Safaei, Javad; Mohamed, Nurul Aida; Kim, Hyeong Pil; Mohd Yusoff, Abd Rashid; Jang, Jin; Mat Teridi, Mohd Asri.

In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 773, 30.01.2019, p. 997-1008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohamad Noh, Mohamad Firdaus ; Arzaee, Nurul Affiqah ; Safaei, Javad ; Mohamed, Nurul Aida ; Kim, Hyeong Pil ; Mohd Yusoff, Abd Rashid ; Jang, Jin ; Mat Teridi, Mohd Asri. / Eliminating oxygen vacancies in SnO2 films via aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition for perovskite solar cells and photoelectrochemical cells. In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 2019 ; Vol. 773. pp. 997-1008.
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