Elemental analysis by field-emission scanning electron microscope of ancient glass beads sample from Pulau Kalumpang archaeological site, (Perak, Malaysia)

Nur Qahirah Abdul Rahman, Zuliskandar Ramli, Azimah Hussin, Muhamamad Nu’Man Mohd Nasir, Nur Sarahah Mohd Supian, Hossein Sarhaddi Dadian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Continuous research and excavation lead to the discovery of the 2nd A.D. prehistoric settlement in the man-grove area located in Pulau Kalumpang, Perak, Malaysia. The findings encountered included pottery and earthenware, bones and abundance of various colors and shapes of glass beads. Glass beads are a handy archeological finding for its convenience size, portability and attractive material. An analysis using Field-emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) conducted on the seventeen glass beads samples. The sam-ples are the combination of seven major colors and three shapes. The analysis resulted to a composition that high in silica (52.0% to 78.0%), aluminum (9.0% to 20%) and sodium (3.0% to 19.0%), a key feature of South East Asia’s Indo- Pacific glass beads. The composition also shows no similarities composition to the glass beads from China, Europe and India. Different trace elements compared to the glass beads Sg Mas, Kedah pointed that the glass beads found was made in Pulau Kalumpang and the raw materials from broken glass were originated from Middle East.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-106
Number of pages14
JournalMediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Malaysia
raw materials
Middle East
India
China
Elemental Analysis
Glass Beads
Scanning Electron Microscope
Archaeological Sites

Keywords

  • Indo-Pacific glass beads
  • Material composition
  • Middle East
  • Provenance
  • Pulau Kalumpang
  • Trading networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Elemental analysis by field-emission scanning electron microscope of ancient glass beads sample from Pulau Kalumpang archaeological site, (Perak, Malaysia). / Rahman, Nur Qahirah Abdul; Ramli, Zuliskandar; Hussin, Azimah; Nasir, Muhamamad Nu’Man Mohd; Supian, Nur Sarahah Mohd; Dadian, Hossein Sarhaddi.

In: Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 93-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rahman, Nur Qahirah Abdul ; Ramli, Zuliskandar ; Hussin, Azimah ; Nasir, Muhamamad Nu’Man Mohd ; Supian, Nur Sarahah Mohd ; Dadian, Hossein Sarhaddi. / Elemental analysis by field-emission scanning electron microscope of ancient glass beads sample from Pulau Kalumpang archaeological site, (Perak, Malaysia). In: Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 93-106.
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