Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitor electrodes prepared by activation of green monoliths consist of self-adhesive carbon grains and lignin

Roslinda Zulkifli, Mohamad Deraman, Rusli Daik, Maria Muhammad Ishak, Najah Syahirah Mohd Nor, Mohamad Redwani Mohd Jasni, Sepideh Soltaninejad, Mohd Suleman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Self-adhesive carbon grains (SACGs) and lignin were produced from fibres of oil palm empty fruit bunches by a low carbonization temperature and chemical treatment methods, respectively. Green monoliths (GMs) were prepared from the KOH-treated SACGs mixed with the organosolv-treated lignin with their weight percentages of 0%, 5%, 10%, 15% and 20%, respectively. The GMs were carbonized and activated into highly porous activated carbon monoliths (ACMs) electrodes to fabricate supercapacitor cells. The cell performance was investigated using galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) technique. The results demonstrate that 5 wt.% of lignin is the optimum quantity that should be added to SACGs and this corresponds to the higher values of the specific capacitance (137 Fg-1), specific energy (4.13 Whkg-1), specific power (192 Wkg-1), and a satisfactory value of equivalent series resistance (0.467 Ω) of the supercapacitor.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMaterials Science Forum
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Pages545-550
Number of pages6
Volume846
ISBN (Print)9783038357520
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event28th Regional Conference on Solid State Science and Technology, RCSSST 2014 - Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia
Duration: 25 Nov 201427 Nov 2014

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume846
ISSN (Print)02555476

Other

Other28th Regional Conference on Solid State Science and Technology, RCSSST 2014
CountryMalaysia
CityCameron Highlands, Pahang
Period25/11/1427/11/14

Fingerprint

lignin
Lignin
electrochemical capacitors
adhesives
Adhesives
Carbon
Chemical activation
activation
Electrodes
electrodes
carbon
Palm oil
fruits
carbonization
Carbonization
activated carbon
Fruits
cells
Activated carbon
Capacitance

Keywords

  • Activated carbon monoliths
  • Lignin
  • Self-adhesive carbon grains
  • Supercapacitor electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Zulkifli, R., Deraman, M., Daik, R., Ishak, M. M., Nor, N. S. M., Jasni, M. R. M., ... Suleman, M. (2016). Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitor electrodes prepared by activation of green monoliths consist of self-adhesive carbon grains and lignin. In Materials Science Forum (Vol. 846, pp. 545-550). (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 846). Trans Tech Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.846.545

Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitor electrodes prepared by activation of green monoliths consist of self-adhesive carbon grains and lignin. / Zulkifli, Roslinda; Deraman, Mohamad; Daik, Rusli; Ishak, Maria Muhammad; Nor, Najah Syahirah Mohd; Jasni, Mohamad Redwani Mohd; Soltaninejad, Sepideh; Suleman, Mohd.

Materials Science Forum. Vol. 846 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016. p. 545-550 (Materials Science Forum; Vol. 846).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zulkifli, R, Deraman, M, Daik, R, Ishak, MM, Nor, NSM, Jasni, MRM, Soltaninejad, S & Suleman, M 2016, Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitor electrodes prepared by activation of green monoliths consist of self-adhesive carbon grains and lignin. in Materials Science Forum. vol. 846, Materials Science Forum, vol. 846, Trans Tech Publications Ltd, pp. 545-550, 28th Regional Conference on Solid State Science and Technology, RCSSST 2014, Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia, 25/11/14. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.846.545
Zulkifli R, Deraman M, Daik R, Ishak MM, Nor NSM, Jasni MRM et al. Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitor electrodes prepared by activation of green monoliths consist of self-adhesive carbon grains and lignin. In Materials Science Forum. Vol. 846. Trans Tech Publications Ltd. 2016. p. 545-550. (Materials Science Forum). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.846.545
Zulkifli, Roslinda ; Deraman, Mohamad ; Daik, Rusli ; Ishak, Maria Muhammad ; Nor, Najah Syahirah Mohd ; Jasni, Mohamad Redwani Mohd ; Soltaninejad, Sepideh ; Suleman, Mohd. / Electrochemical characterization of supercapacitor electrodes prepared by activation of green monoliths consist of self-adhesive carbon grains and lignin. Materials Science Forum. Vol. 846 Trans Tech Publications Ltd, 2016. pp. 545-550 (Materials Science Forum).
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AU - Nor, Najah Syahirah Mohd

AU - Jasni, Mohamad Redwani Mohd

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