Electricity generation from rice straw using a microbial fuel cell

Sedky H A Hassan, Sanaa M F Gad El-Rab, Mostafa Rahimnejad, Mostafa Ghasemi, Jin Ho Joo, Yong Sik-Ok, In S. Kim, Sang Eun Oh

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    46 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study demonstrated electricity generation from rice straw without pretreatment in a two-chambered microbial fuel cell (MFC) inoculated with a mixed culture of cellulose-degrading bacteria (CDB). The power density reached 145 mW/m2 with an initial rice straw concentration of 1 g/L; while the coulombic efficiencies (CEs) ranged from 54.3 to 45.3%, corresponding to initial rice straw concentrations of 0.5-1 g/L. Stackable MFCs in series and parallel produced an open circuit voltage of 2.17 and 0.723 V, respectively, using hexacyanoferrate as the catholyte. The maximum power for serial connection of three stacked MFCs was 490 mW/m2 (0.5 mA). In parallelly stacked MFCs, the current levels were approximately 3-fold (1.5 mA) higher than those produced from the serial connection. These results demonstrated that electricity can be produced from rice straw by exploiting CDB as the biocatalyst. Thus, this method provides a promising way to utilize rice straw for bioenergy production.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)9490-9496
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    Volume39
    Issue number17
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2014

    Fingerprint

    Microbial fuel cells
    Straw
    rice
    electricity
    fuel cells
    Electricity
    cellulose
    bacteria
    Cellulose
    Bacteria
    Biocatalysts
    Open circuit voltage
    open circuit voltage
    pretreatment
    radiant flux density

    Keywords

    • Bioelectricity generation
    • Microbial fuel cells
    • Rice straw
    • Stacked MFCs

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
    • Fuel Technology
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

    Cite this

    Hassan, S. H. A., Gad El-Rab, S. M. F., Rahimnejad, M., Ghasemi, M., Joo, J. H., Sik-Ok, Y., ... Oh, S. E. (2014). Electricity generation from rice straw using a microbial fuel cell. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39(17), 9490-9496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.03.259

    Electricity generation from rice straw using a microbial fuel cell. / Hassan, Sedky H A; Gad El-Rab, Sanaa M F; Rahimnejad, Mostafa; Ghasemi, Mostafa; Joo, Jin Ho; Sik-Ok, Yong; Kim, In S.; Oh, Sang Eun.

    In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 39, No. 17, 05.06.2014, p. 9490-9496.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hassan, SHA, Gad El-Rab, SMF, Rahimnejad, M, Ghasemi, M, Joo, JH, Sik-Ok, Y, Kim, IS & Oh, SE 2014, 'Electricity generation from rice straw using a microbial fuel cell', International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, no. 17, pp. 9490-9496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.03.259
    Hassan SHA, Gad El-Rab SMF, Rahimnejad M, Ghasemi M, Joo JH, Sik-Ok Y et al. Electricity generation from rice straw using a microbial fuel cell. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2014 Jun 5;39(17):9490-9496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2014.03.259
    Hassan, Sedky H A ; Gad El-Rab, Sanaa M F ; Rahimnejad, Mostafa ; Ghasemi, Mostafa ; Joo, Jin Ho ; Sik-Ok, Yong ; Kim, In S. ; Oh, Sang Eun. / Electricity generation from rice straw using a microbial fuel cell. In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 17. pp. 9490-9496.
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