Efficacy of fasting calorie restriction on quality of life among aging men

Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Suzana Shahar, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Sai Krupa Das, Che Suhaili Che Taha, Wan Zurinah Wan Ngah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calorie restriction (CR) has been promoted to increase longevity. Previous studies have indicated that CR can negatively affect mood and therefore the effect of CR on mood and quality of life (QOL) becomes crucial when considering the feasibility of CR in humans. We conducted a three month clinical trial on CR (reduction of 300 to 500kcal/day) combined with two days/week of Muslim sunnah fasting (FCR) to determine the effectiveness of FCR on QOL among aging men in Klang Valley, Malaysia. A total of 25 healthy Malay men (age 58.8±5.1years), with no chronic diseases and a BMI of 23.0 to 29.9kg/m 2 were randomized to FCR (n=12) and control (n=13) groups. Body composition measurements and QOL questionnaires were ascertained at baseline, week 6 and week 12. QOL was measured using the Short-Form 36, sleep quality was determined using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Beck Depression Inventory II was used to measure mood and the Perceived Stress Scale was used to measure depression. The FCR group had a significant reduction in body weight, BMI, body fat percentage and depression (P<0.05). The energy component of QOL was significantly increased in FCR group (p<0.05). There were no significant changes in sleep quality and stress level between the groups as a result of the intervention. In conclusion, FCR resulted in body weight and fat loss and alleviated depression with some improvement in the QOL in our study and has the potential to be implemented on a wider scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1064
Number of pages6
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume104
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 2011

Fingerprint

Fasting
Quality of Life
Depression
Sleep
Adipose Tissue
Body Weight
Islam
Malaysia
Body Composition
Efficacy
Weight Loss
Chronic Disease
Clinical Trials
Equipment and Supplies
Mood
Fat

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Calorie restriction
  • Men
  • Nutrition
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Philosophy

Cite this

Efficacy of fasting calorie restriction on quality of life among aging men. / Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi; Shahar, Suzana; Abdul Manaf, Zahara; Das, Sai Krupa; Taha, Che Suhaili Che; Ngah, Wan Zurinah Wan.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 104, No. 5, 24.10.2011, p. 1059-1064.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Teng, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi ; Shahar, Suzana ; Abdul Manaf, Zahara ; Das, Sai Krupa ; Taha, Che Suhaili Che ; Ngah, Wan Zurinah Wan. / Efficacy of fasting calorie restriction on quality of life among aging men. In: Physiology and Behavior. 2011 ; Vol. 104, No. 5. pp. 1059-1064.
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