Effects of viscous dissipation on the slip MHD flow and heat transfer past a permeable surface with convective boundary conditions

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Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the energy exchange resulting from a 2D steady magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow past a permeable surface with partial slip in the presence of the viscous dissipation effect under convective heating boundary conditions. A magnetic field can effectively control the motion of an electrically conducting fluid in micro scale systems, which can be applied for fluid transportation. Local similarity solutions for the transformed governing equations are obtained, and the reduced ordinary differential equations solved numerically via an explicit Runge-Kutta (4, 5) formula, the Dormand-Prince pair and shooting method, which is valid for fixed positions along the surface. The effects of various physical parameters, such as the magnetic parameter, the slip coefficient, the suction/injection parameter, the Biot number, the Prandtl number and the Eckert number, on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented graphically and discussed. The results indicate that the heat transfer rate increases with the increase in Biot number, slip coefficient, suction and magnetic parameter, whereas it decreases with the increase in Eckert number and injection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2273-2294
Number of pages22
JournalEnergies
Volume4
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011

Fingerprint

Slip Flow
Viscous Dissipation
Magnetohydrodynamic Flow
Magnetohydrodynamics
Heat Transfer
Boundary conditions
Heat transfer
Fluids
Prandtl number
Suction
Ordinary differential equations
Slip
Injection
Partial Slip
Magnetic fields
Heating
Fluid
Shooting Method
Similarity Solution
Runge-Kutta

Keywords

  • Heat transfer
  • MHD
  • Partial slip
  • Permeable surface
  • Viscous dissipation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper presents an analysis of the energy exchange resulting from a 2D steady magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow past a permeable surface with partial slip in the presence of the viscous dissipation effect under convective heating boundary conditions. A magnetic field can effectively control the motion of an electrically conducting fluid in micro scale systems, which can be applied for fluid transportation. Local similarity solutions for the transformed governing equations are obtained, and the reduced ordinary differential equations solved numerically via an explicit Runge-Kutta (4, 5) formula, the Dormand-Prince pair and shooting method, which is valid for fixed positions along the surface. The effects of various physical parameters, such as the magnetic parameter, the slip coefficient, the suction/injection parameter, the Biot number, the Prandtl number and the Eckert number, on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented graphically and discussed. The results indicate that the heat transfer rate increases with the increase in Biot number, slip coefficient, suction and magnetic parameter, whereas it decreases with the increase in Eckert number and injection.",
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AU - Yazdi, Mohammad H.

AU - Abdullah, Shahrir

AU - Hashim, Ishak

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

PY - 2011/12

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N2 - This paper presents an analysis of the energy exchange resulting from a 2D steady magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow past a permeable surface with partial slip in the presence of the viscous dissipation effect under convective heating boundary conditions. A magnetic field can effectively control the motion of an electrically conducting fluid in micro scale systems, which can be applied for fluid transportation. Local similarity solutions for the transformed governing equations are obtained, and the reduced ordinary differential equations solved numerically via an explicit Runge-Kutta (4, 5) formula, the Dormand-Prince pair and shooting method, which is valid for fixed positions along the surface. The effects of various physical parameters, such as the magnetic parameter, the slip coefficient, the suction/injection parameter, the Biot number, the Prandtl number and the Eckert number, on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented graphically and discussed. The results indicate that the heat transfer rate increases with the increase in Biot number, slip coefficient, suction and magnetic parameter, whereas it decreases with the increase in Eckert number and injection.

AB - This paper presents an analysis of the energy exchange resulting from a 2D steady magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) flow past a permeable surface with partial slip in the presence of the viscous dissipation effect under convective heating boundary conditions. A magnetic field can effectively control the motion of an electrically conducting fluid in micro scale systems, which can be applied for fluid transportation. Local similarity solutions for the transformed governing equations are obtained, and the reduced ordinary differential equations solved numerically via an explicit Runge-Kutta (4, 5) formula, the Dormand-Prince pair and shooting method, which is valid for fixed positions along the surface. The effects of various physical parameters, such as the magnetic parameter, the slip coefficient, the suction/injection parameter, the Biot number, the Prandtl number and the Eckert number, on the flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented graphically and discussed. The results indicate that the heat transfer rate increases with the increase in Biot number, slip coefficient, suction and magnetic parameter, whereas it decreases with the increase in Eckert number and injection.

KW - Heat transfer

KW - MHD

KW - Partial slip

KW - Permeable surface

KW - Viscous dissipation

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