Effects of thermal cycling on physical and tensile properties of injection moulded kenaf/carbon nanotubes/polypropylene hybrid composites

Zakaria Razak, Abu Bakar Sulong, Norhamidi Muhamad, Che Hassan Che Haron, Mohd Khairul Fadzly Md Radzi, Nur Farhani Ismail, Dulina Tholibon, Izdihar Tharazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper, thermal cycle testing was used to investigate the effects on physical and tensile properties of Polypropylene (PP), Kenaf/PP, Kenaf/PP/CNTs and Kenaf/CNTs/MAPP/PP hybrid composites for the injection moulded car battery tray. It was found that no physical changes were observed on the samples regarding colour or cracking. However, there was a dimensional change and warping of the samples. The dimension increased by 20% to samples containing CNT while the PP and PP/Kenaf samples decreased by 3.5% and 87%, respectively. The thermal cycling rapidly decreased the hardness of Pure PP and Kenaf/PP composites, it gradually increased the hardness of composites containing CNT fillers. The tensile strength, Young's modulus and elongation of the composites have been examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)659-666
Number of pages8
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Volume161
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2019

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Polypropylenes
Thermal cycling
Tensile properties
Carbon nanotubes
Physical properties
Composite materials
Hardness
Fillers
Elongation
Tensile strength
Railroad cars
Elastic moduli
Color
Testing

Keywords

  • Hybrid
  • Injection moulding
  • Mechanical properties
  • Thermal cycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Effects of thermal cycling on physical and tensile properties of injection moulded kenaf/carbon nanotubes/polypropylene hybrid composites. / Razak, Zakaria; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Muhamad, Norhamidi; Che Haron, Che Hassan; Fadzly Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul; Ismail, Nur Farhani; Tholibon, Dulina; Tharazi, Izdihar.

In: Composites Part B: Engineering, Vol. 161, 15.03.2019, p. 659-666.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{64aa46dba85a47efb2eb8b5c72e88979,
title = "Effects of thermal cycling on physical and tensile properties of injection moulded kenaf/carbon nanotubes/polypropylene hybrid composites",
abstract = "In this paper, thermal cycle testing was used to investigate the effects on physical and tensile properties of Polypropylene (PP), Kenaf/PP, Kenaf/PP/CNTs and Kenaf/CNTs/MAPP/PP hybrid composites for the injection moulded car battery tray. It was found that no physical changes were observed on the samples regarding colour or cracking. However, there was a dimensional change and warping of the samples. The dimension increased by 20{\%} to samples containing CNT while the PP and PP/Kenaf samples decreased by 3.5{\%} and 87{\%}, respectively. The thermal cycling rapidly decreased the hardness of Pure PP and Kenaf/PP composites, it gradually increased the hardness of composites containing CNT fillers. The tensile strength, Young's modulus and elongation of the composites have been examined.",
keywords = "Hybrid, Injection moulding, Mechanical properties, Thermal cycling",
author = "Zakaria Razak and Sulong, {Abu Bakar} and Norhamidi Muhamad and {Che Haron}, {Che Hassan} and {Fadzly Md Radzi}, {Mohd Khairul} and Ismail, {Nur Farhani} and Dulina Tholibon and Izdihar Tharazi",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.096",
language = "English",
volume = "161",
pages = "659--666",
journal = "Composites Part B: Engineering",
issn = "1359-8368",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of thermal cycling on physical and tensile properties of injection moulded kenaf/carbon nanotubes/polypropylene hybrid composites

AU - Razak, Zakaria

AU - Sulong, Abu Bakar

AU - Muhamad, Norhamidi

AU - Che Haron, Che Hassan

AU - Fadzly Md Radzi, Mohd Khairul

AU - Ismail, Nur Farhani

AU - Tholibon, Dulina

AU - Tharazi, Izdihar

PY - 2019/3/15

Y1 - 2019/3/15

N2 - In this paper, thermal cycle testing was used to investigate the effects on physical and tensile properties of Polypropylene (PP), Kenaf/PP, Kenaf/PP/CNTs and Kenaf/CNTs/MAPP/PP hybrid composites for the injection moulded car battery tray. It was found that no physical changes were observed on the samples regarding colour or cracking. However, there was a dimensional change and warping of the samples. The dimension increased by 20% to samples containing CNT while the PP and PP/Kenaf samples decreased by 3.5% and 87%, respectively. The thermal cycling rapidly decreased the hardness of Pure PP and Kenaf/PP composites, it gradually increased the hardness of composites containing CNT fillers. The tensile strength, Young's modulus and elongation of the composites have been examined.

AB - In this paper, thermal cycle testing was used to investigate the effects on physical and tensile properties of Polypropylene (PP), Kenaf/PP, Kenaf/PP/CNTs and Kenaf/CNTs/MAPP/PP hybrid composites for the injection moulded car battery tray. It was found that no physical changes were observed on the samples regarding colour or cracking. However, there was a dimensional change and warping of the samples. The dimension increased by 20% to samples containing CNT while the PP and PP/Kenaf samples decreased by 3.5% and 87%, respectively. The thermal cycling rapidly decreased the hardness of Pure PP and Kenaf/PP composites, it gradually increased the hardness of composites containing CNT fillers. The tensile strength, Young's modulus and elongation of the composites have been examined.

KW - Hybrid

KW - Injection moulding

KW - Mechanical properties

KW - Thermal cycling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059595096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059595096&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.096

DO - 10.1016/j.compositesb.2018.12.096

M3 - Article

VL - 161

SP - 659

EP - 666

JO - Composites Part B: Engineering

JF - Composites Part B: Engineering

SN - 1359-8368

ER -