Effects of silica content on the formation and morphology of ENR/PVC/Silica composites beads

Nurul Amni Abdullah, Nordiana Suhada Mohmad Tahiruddin, Rizafizah Othaman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The effects of silica content in preparing silica-filled epoxidized natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride (ENR/PVC) beads were investigated. ENR/PVC matrix blend used was of composition 60% (ENR50) and 40% (PVC) by weight. The matrix blend was then dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) by sol-gel technique prior to addition of silica fume as filler at varying amounts up to 25 wt% of the matrix mass. The composites beads were formed via phase inversion method by dropping the polymeric solution into a non-solvent. The size and shape were improved by adding in an increased amount of silica. Morphological studies showed distinct features of beads' surface in terms of homogeneity of silica particle distribution and presence of agglomerations and voids within the ENR/PVC matrix. Formation of silica network was apparent on the bead at 25 wt% silica content. The bead formation was found to be significantly affected by the silica loading in the ENR/PVC solution.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1847
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415195
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2017
EventInternational Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016 - Perak, Malaysia
Duration: 19 Nov 2016 → …

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016
CountryMalaysia
CityPerak
Period19/11/16 → …

Fingerprint

polyvinyl chloride
rubber
beads
silicon dioxide
composite materials
matrices
fumes
tetrahydrofuran
agglomeration
fillers
homogeneity
voids
gels
inversions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Abdullah, N. A., Tahiruddin, N. S. M., & Othaman, R. (2017). Effects of silica content on the formation and morphology of ENR/PVC/Silica composites beads. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016 (Vol. 1847). [040005] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983901

Effects of silica content on the formation and morphology of ENR/PVC/Silica composites beads. / Abdullah, Nurul Amni; Tahiruddin, Nordiana Suhada Mohmad; Othaman, Rizafizah.

Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016. Vol. 1847 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 040005.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abdullah, NA, Tahiruddin, NSM & Othaman, R 2017, Effects of silica content on the formation and morphology of ENR/PVC/Silica composites beads. in Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016. vol. 1847, 040005, American Institute of Physics Inc., International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016, Perak, Malaysia, 19/11/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983901
Abdullah NA, Tahiruddin NSM, Othaman R. Effects of silica content on the formation and morphology of ENR/PVC/Silica composites beads. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016. Vol. 1847. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 040005 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4983901
Abdullah, Nurul Amni ; Tahiruddin, Nordiana Suhada Mohmad ; Othaman, Rizafizah. / Effects of silica content on the formation and morphology of ENR/PVC/Silica composites beads. Proceedings of the International Conference on Education, Mathematics and Science 2016, ICEMS 2016, in conjunction with 4th International Postgraduate Conference on Science and Mathematics 2016, IPCSM2016. Vol. 1847 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017.
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abstract = "The effects of silica content in preparing silica-filled epoxidized natural rubber/polyvinyl chloride (ENR/PVC) beads were investigated. ENR/PVC matrix blend used was of composition 60{\%} (ENR50) and 40{\%} (PVC) by weight. The matrix blend was then dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) by sol-gel technique prior to addition of silica fume as filler at varying amounts up to 25 wt{\%} of the matrix mass. The composites beads were formed via phase inversion method by dropping the polymeric solution into a non-solvent. The size and shape were improved by adding in an increased amount of silica. Morphological studies showed distinct features of beads' surface in terms of homogeneity of silica particle distribution and presence of agglomerations and voids within the ENR/PVC matrix. Formation of silica network was apparent on the bead at 25 wt{\%} silica content. The bead formation was found to be significantly affected by the silica loading in the ENR/PVC solution.",
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