Effects of payment method on work control, work risk and work-related musculoskeletal health among sewing machine operators

R. Nawawi, Baba Md Deros, D. D I Daruis, A. Ramli, R. M. Zein, L. H. Joseph

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to identify payment method and its effects on work control, work risk and work-related musculoskeletal health among Malaysian sewing machine operators. The study sample comprised 337 sewing machine operators (male, n=122, female, n=215; aged between 18-54 years old; mean 30.74±8.44) from four different garment-making companies in Malaysia. They were being paid via time rate wages (n=246) and piece rate wages (n=91). Data was collected through Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire and pen-and-paper assessment via Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA). From the study, the piece rate wage group was found to take fewer breaks, had high work production demands, worked at a faster pace and experienced more exhaustion and pressure due to increasing work demands as compared to the time rate group. They were also observed working with higher physical exposure such as repetitive tasks, awkward static postures, awkward grips and hand movements, pulling, lifting and pushing as compared to those in the time rate wage group. The final RULA scores was also higher from the piece rate wage group (72.53% RULA score 7) which indicated higher work risks among them. The study found that the type of wage payment was significantly associated with work risks (p=0.036, df=1) and WRMSD at the shoulder, lower back, forearm, and leg (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1705-1713
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015

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Sewing machines
Wages
Health
Industry

Keywords

  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Risk factors
  • Sewing machine operators
  • Symptoms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fuel Technology
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Effects of payment method on work control, work risk and work-related musculoskeletal health among sewing machine operators. / Nawawi, R.; Md Deros, Baba; Daruis, D. D I; Ramli, A.; Zein, R. M.; Joseph, L. H.

In: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, Vol. 9, 01.12.2015, p. 1705-1713.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nawawi, R. ; Md Deros, Baba ; Daruis, D. D I ; Ramli, A. ; Zein, R. M. ; Joseph, L. H. / Effects of payment method on work control, work risk and work-related musculoskeletal health among sewing machine operators. In: Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 9. pp. 1705-1713.
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