Effects of filler size on the mechanical properties of polymer-filled dental composites: A review of recent developments

Fathie Kundie, Che Husna Azhari, Andanastuti Muchtar, Zainal Arifin Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Resin composites are widely used in esthetic restorative dentistry. Since their introduction in the mid-1960s, these composites made steady gains in popularity. Their increased use is attributed to their excellent biocompatibility, absence of taste, odour, tissue irritation and toxicity, insolubility in body fluids, easy operation, excellent aesthetic properties, stable colures, optical properties, easy pigmentation, low cost and repairability. The composite resins in current use still suffer from several shortcomings such as poor mechanical properties. In order to improve these properties, microparticles have been used as fillers for a long time. However, the inadequate mechanical properties of resin composites remain problematic. Recently, researchers have utilised nanoparticles as dental composite fillers. This article reviews the relevant literature on the mechanical properties of polymer dental composites filled with micro- and nano-scale particles. The effects of particle size on fracture toughness, flexural strength, and hardness were examined with emphasis on other important factors for improvement. The second section focused on the toughening mechanisms of particulate-polymer composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-165
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Physical Science
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Dental composites
Filled polymers
Composite Resins
fillers
Fillers
mechanical properties
Mechanical properties
composite materials
Polymers
Composite materials
polymers
Resins
Dentistry
resins
Body fluids
Toughening
Odors
Biocompatibility
Bending strength
Toxicity

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties
  • Nanoparticles
  • Particle size
  • Polymer dental composites
  • Toughening mechanisms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Effects of filler size on the mechanical properties of polymer-filled dental composites : A review of recent developments. / Kundie, Fathie; Azhari, Che Husna; Muchtar, Andanastuti; Ahmad, Zainal Arifin.

In: Journal of Physical Science, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 141-165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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