Effects of depth and land cover on soil properties as indicated by carbon and nitrogen-stable isotope analysis

Fathia Alaswad, Ferdaus Mohamat-Yusuff, Khairiah Jusoh, Faradiella Mohd Kusin, Roslan Ismail, Zulfa Hanan Asha-Ari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of soil depths (0-30, 30-60, and 60-90 cm) and landcover changes on selected physicochemical properties in soils transformed from a secondary forest status to plantation status for the cultivation of rubber and oil palm aged 5 and 15 years. Soil physicochemical properties; bulk density (Bd), pH, soil organic matter (SOM), total organic carbon (TOC), total organic nitrogen (TON), and their corresponding isotopes; and δ13C and δ15N were determined by conventional methods. The results showed that the content of SOM (3.39%) at 0-30 cm was significantly greater than those of the 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths. The same pattern was demonstrated by the content of TOC and TON. With respect to land use, the secondary forest had significantly greater SOM content than the rubber and oil palm plantations aged 5 years. The same pattern was also observed for the content of TOC and TON by land use. Similarly, the δ13C value of -26.85% was greatest at the 0-30 cm depth, while by land use the oil palm aged 5 years had the greatest δ13C. Conversely, the δ15N value of 4.21% was significantly greater at the 60-90 cm depth compared to the 30-60 (1.78%) and the 0-30 cm (-2.03%) depths. The negative value of δ15N revealed the sources (N was a product of multiple variables such as N fixation, precipitation, rainstorm, and the use of chemical fertilizers), and the limited nitrogen content in the study area. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that the conversion of secondary forest to plantation enhanced the mineralization of soil organic matter and increased SOC concentrations at the sub soil. Therefore, the conversion of the secondary forest to the oil palm plantations must have resulted in a positive effect by contributing to greater soil organic carbon content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalPolish Journal of Environmental Studies
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

secondary forest
nitrogen isotope
Isotopes
soil organic matter
soil property
land cover
stable isotope
plantation
Nitrogen
Carbon
organic nitrogen
total organic carbon
Soils
oil
carbon
Palm oil
physicochemical property
rubber
land use
Organic carbon

Keywords

  • Agricultural soils
  • Carbon cycle
  • Land use
  • Soil depth
  • δC and δN stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Effects of depth and land cover on soil properties as indicated by carbon and nitrogen-stable isotope analysis. / Alaswad, Fathia; Mohamat-Yusuff, Ferdaus; Jusoh, Khairiah; Kusin, Faradiella Mohd; Ismail, Roslan; Asha-Ari, Zulfa Hanan.

In: Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alaswad, Fathia ; Mohamat-Yusuff, Ferdaus ; Jusoh, Khairiah ; Kusin, Faradiella Mohd ; Ismail, Roslan ; Asha-Ari, Zulfa Hanan. / Effects of depth and land cover on soil properties as indicated by carbon and nitrogen-stable isotope analysis. In: Polish Journal of Environmental Studies. 2018 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
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