Effects of cellulose nanocrystals on thermal properties of poly(vinyl chloride)

R. M. Sheltami, Ishak Ahmad, H. Kargarzadeh, I. Abdullah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) extracted from mengkuang leaves (Pandanus tectorius) were used as reinforcements for Polyvinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix. The transmission electron micrograph (TEM) showed that the diameters of CNC were in the range of 5-25 nm with an average length of 200 nm. Biodegradable nanocomposites of PVC with CNC were prepared by solution casting technique. Dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) revealed that storage modulus and glass transition temperature (Tg) of the nanocomposite increased by the incorporation of CNC filler. On the other hand, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) showed that the CNC content had no significant effects on the thermal stability of the nanocomposite. The morphological observation of the nanocomposites showed a good distribution of the filler into the matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today
Pages837-842
Number of pages6
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today, ACCM 2012 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 6 Nov 20128 Nov 2012

Other

Other8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today, ACCM 2012
CityKuala Lumpur
Period6/11/128/11/12

Fingerprint

Vinyl Chloride
Cellulose
Nanocrystals
Thermodynamic properties
Nanocomposites
Polyvinyl Chloride
Polyvinyl chlorides
Fillers
Distribution of goods
Thermoanalysis
Thermogravimetric analysis
Reinforcement
Casting
Thermodynamic stability
Elastic moduli
Electrons

Keywords

  • Nanocomposite
  • Storage modulus
  • Thermal Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites

Cite this

Sheltami, R. M., Ahmad, I., Kargarzadeh, H., & Abdullah, I. (2012). Effects of cellulose nanocrystals on thermal properties of poly(vinyl chloride). In 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today (Vol. 2, pp. 837-842)

Effects of cellulose nanocrystals on thermal properties of poly(vinyl chloride). / Sheltami, R. M.; Ahmad, Ishak; Kargarzadeh, H.; Abdullah, I.

8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Vol. 2 2012. p. 837-842.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sheltami, RM, Ahmad, I, Kargarzadeh, H & Abdullah, I 2012, Effects of cellulose nanocrystals on thermal properties of poly(vinyl chloride). in 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. vol. 2, pp. 837-842, 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today, ACCM 2012, Kuala Lumpur, 6/11/12.
Sheltami RM, Ahmad I, Kargarzadeh H, Abdullah I. Effects of cellulose nanocrystals on thermal properties of poly(vinyl chloride). In 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Vol. 2. 2012. p. 837-842
Sheltami, R. M. ; Ahmad, Ishak ; Kargarzadeh, H. ; Abdullah, I. / Effects of cellulose nanocrystals on thermal properties of poly(vinyl chloride). 8th Asian-Australasian Conference on Composite Materials 2012, ACCM 2012 - Composites: Enabling Tomorrow's Industry Today. Vol. 2 2012. pp. 837-842
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