Effects of age, sex, and ethnicity on bone health status of the elderly in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Chin Kok Yong, Alia Annessa Ain Kamaruddin, Nie Yen Low, Ima Nirwana Soelaiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis is a significant health problem in the developing countries and its prevalence data are important for the estimation of health care burden and policy making. This study aimed to determine the age-related changes in bone health and the prevalence of osteoporosis in males and females aged 50 years or above living in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted between December 2014 and December 2015. Subjects answered a demographic questionnaire and underwent body anthropometric and bone health measurement. Assessment of bone health was performed using a quantitative ultrasound device that generated speed of sound, broadband ultrasound attenuation, stiffness index, and T-score based on stiffness index value as bone health indices. Results: The prevalence of osteoporosis was 10.6% in males and 8.0% in females. Significant age-related decline of bone health indices (speed of sound, broadband ultrasound attenuation, stiffness index, and T-score) and a concurrent increase in the prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia were observed in females (P0.05). Ethnic differences in bone health indices and prevalence of osteoporosis/osteopenia were not observed (P>0.05). Conclusion: A significant proportion of males and females age 50 years or above have suboptimal bone health. Preventive measures such as early screening should be implemented to retard the progression of osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-773
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Interventions in Aging
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2016

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Malaysia
Health Status
Osteoporosis
Bone and Bones
Health
Metabolic Bone Diseases
Policy Making
Health Policy
Developing Countries
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Delivery of Health Care
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Osteopenia
  • Osteoporosis
  • Prevalence
  • T-score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Effects of age, sex, and ethnicity on bone health status of the elderly in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. / Kok Yong, Chin; Kamaruddin, Alia Annessa Ain; Low, Nie Yen; Soelaiman, Ima Nirwana.

In: Clinical Interventions in Aging, Vol. 11, 13.06.2016, p. 767-773.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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