Effectiveness of a combined dance and relaxation intervention on reducing anxiety and depression and improving quality of life among the cognitively impaired elderly

Dina Adam, Ayiesah Ramli, Suzana Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: Cognitive impairment is a common problem among the elderly and is believed to be a precursor to dementia. This study aimed to explore the effectiveness of a combined dance and relaxation intervention as compared to relaxation alone in reducing anxiety and depression levels and improving quality of life (QOL) and cognitive function among the cognitively impaired elderly. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted between May and December 2013 in Peninsular Malaysia. Subjects from four government residential homes for older adults aged ≥60 years with mild to moderate cognitive function as assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination were included in the study. Subjects were divided into an intervention group and a control group; the former participated in a combined poco-poco dance and relaxation intervention whilst the latter participated in relaxation exercises only. Both groups participated in two sessions per week for six weeks. Anxiety and depression were self-assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and QOL was self-assessed using the Quality of Life in Alzheimer’s Disease questionnaire. Results: A total of 84 elderly subjects were included in the study; 44 were in the intervention group and 40 were in the control group. When compared to control subjects, those in the intervention group showed significantly decreased anxiety (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e47-e53
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anxiety
Quality of Life
Depression
Cognition
Control Groups
Malaysia
Dementia
Alzheimer Disease
Exercise

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Dance therapy
  • Depression
  • Malaysia
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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