Pekerja efektif dan kecekapan teknik firma pembuatan di Malaysia

Translated title of the contribution: Effective workers and technical efficiency of Malaysian manufacturing firms

Rahmah Ismail, Syahida Zainal Abidin, Mohd Nasir Mohd Saukani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Worker's quality is very crucial to enhance efficiency level in an organisation. Workers of high quality are always associated with high efficiency and productivity, which subsequently increase competitiveness of an organization. In the Malaysian context, technical efficiency in the manufacturing sector is vital to be observed due to its significantly high contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP). In addition, this sector has rapidly created employment opportunities and listed under National Key Economic Area (NKEA). Worker's quality can be measured using several methods, which are generally based on human capital achievement. The measurements that are frequently used in the literature are level of educational attainment and worker's job category. However, these measurements ignore the role of wages, which reflect workers productivity when examine its effect on technical efficiency. This paper aims to analyse level of worker's quality or referred as effective worker using composite measurement and examine its impact on technical efficiency for the Malaysian manufacturing firms. Analysis is based on 1077 manufacturing firms in 2009 obtained from the Department of Statistics Malaysia, through the Survey of Manufacturing Industries 2010. The findings show that level of effective workers and technical efficiency for the manufacturing firms are still at the moderate level and even low for the micro-sized firms. The main determinants of technical inefficiency are effective workers, ICT expenditure, training expenditure and R&D expenditure. The results suggest that the manufacturing firms should enhance their human capital investment and increase their expenditure especially on training and R&D in order to increase its efficiency.

Original languageMalay
JournalJurnal Ekonomi Malaysia
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Manufacturing firms
Technical efficiency
Workers
Expenditure
Productivity
Human capital investment
Educational attainment
Economics
Statistics
Human capital
Technical inefficiency
Manufacturing sector
Malaysia
Manufacturing industries
Competitiveness
Wages
Gross domestic product

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Pekerja efektif dan kecekapan teknik firma pembuatan di Malaysia. / Ismail, Rahmah; Abidin, Syahida Zainal; Saukani, Mohd Nasir Mohd.

In: Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, Vol. 53, No. 2, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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